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40% of global electricity is generated from Low Carbon

39.64 % Share of global electricity

Low-carbon energy is a term used to denote a range of energy sources that produce minimal emissions of greenhouse gases when compared to traditional fossil fuel sources. These sources, namely wind, nuclear, and solar, offer a clean, sustainable and green means to generate electricity and counter the impacts of burning fossil fuel sources such as coal, gas, and oil. With the threat of climate change and air pollution looming broader than ever, the transition to low-carbon energy has become increasingly imperative globally.

Generating electricity from low-carbon sources predominantly involves harnessing wind, solar, or nuclear energy. Wind turbines convert kinetic energy from the wind into mechanical power, which a generator then transforms into electricity. Solar energy capitalizes on capturing the sun's energy using photovoltaic cells to convert the sunlight directly into electricity. Nuclear energy utilizes the heat produced during nuclear fission in the nuclear power reactors to generate steam which spins the turbines to generate electricity.

One significant advantage of low-carbon energy is its impressive carbon intensity, which refers to the emissions of CO2 equivalent per unit of electricity generated. For example, per the IPCC data, the carbon intensity for wind energy is just 11 gCO2eq/kWh, for nuclear energy it's 12 gCO2eq/kWh, and for solar energy it's 45 gCO2eq/kWh. On the other hand, traditional sources like coal and gas have a much higher carbon intensity, 820 gCO2eq/kWh and 490 gCO2eq/kWh respectively. This stark difference underscores the low emissions advantage of wind, solar, and nuclear energy over fossil fuels.

The considerable contribution of low carbon energy to global electricity generation also speaks volumes about its advantages. As of now, low-carbon energy is responsible for 39.64% of all electricity consumed globally. In particular, certain countries have taken significant strides towards harnessing low-carbon energy. For instance, in Iceland, 100% of electricity is generated from low-carbon sources. Similarly, in Norway, it accounts for 99% of electricity generation, in Sweden, it's 95%, in Canada, it's 82%, and in Finland, it's 90%. Such figures highlight the widespread adoption and dependence on low-carbon energy sources across various nations.

Country/Region Watts / person % TWh
Iceland 6115.3 W 100.0% 19.8 TWh
Norway 3188.3 W 99.0% 150.9 TWh
Sweden 1613.5 W 95.3% 147.9 TWh
Canada 1506.2 W 81.9% 503.4 TWh
Finland 1435.3 W 90.5% 69.6 TWh
Bhutan 1321.4 W 100.0% 9.0 TWh
Greenland 1014.4 W 83.3% 0.5 TWh
New Zealand 844.5 W 88.2% 38.0 TWh
France 798.1 W 93.7% 451.1 TWh
Paraguay 751.1 W 100.0% 44.1 TWh
Austria 708.9 W 86.0% 55.4 TWh
Switzerland 624.0 W 100.0% 47.5 TWh
Slovenia 589.1 W 77.0% 10.9 TWh
United States 587.2 W 40.4% 1733.6 TWh
Belgium 570.2 W 71.2% 58.0 TWh
Denmark 529.0 W 82.9% 27.1 TWh
Slovakia 528.9 W 85.2% 25.2 TWh
South Korea 498.6 W 38.4% 226.4 TWh
Spain 484.0 W 77.4% 201.3 TWh
Czechia 453.8 W 57.3% 41.8 TWh
EU 452.7 W 69.7% 1765.0 TWh
Laos 448.3 W 73.0% 29.2 TWh
Australia 434.6 W 37.7% 98.7 TWh
Portugal 420.0 W 65.5% 37.9 TWh
Netherlands 402.6 W 51.4% 61.7 TWh
Bulgaria 398.0 W 60.5% 24.0 TWh
Germany 396.4 W 61.4% 289.6 TWh
Montenegro 373.7 W 56.4% 2.1 TWh
Albania 358.3 W 100.0% 9.0 TWh
Chile 348.2 W 65.7% 59.5 TWh
Faroe Islands 345.2 W 38.1% 0.2 TWh
French Guiana 342.0 W 66.0% 0.7 TWh
Brazil 338.4 W 92.0% 635.3 TWh
Georgia 333.2 W 72.1% 11.0 TWh
Russia 330.1 W 37.0% 419.6 TWh
Uruguay 322.8 W 81.6% 9.7 TWh
Ireland 322.2 W 41.8% 14.1 TWh
Croatia 313.8 W 61.6% 11.2 TWh
United Kingdom 288.5 W 57.3% 170.1 TWh
Japan 287.7 W 32.1% 314.0 TWh
Venezuela 274.7 W 80.9% 67.9 TWh
People's Republic of China 264.5 W 36.3% 3303.6 TWh
Latvia 254.8 W 63.7% 4.2 TWh
Hungary 249.3 W 49.9% 21.2 TWh
Costa Rica 249.0 W 92.0% 11.2 TWh
Greece 241.8 W 48.0% 22.1 TWh
Romania 229.5 W 68.6% 38.9 TWh
Republic of China (Taiwan) 227.6 W 16.9% 47.6 TWh
Kyrgyzstan 227.3 W 89.5% 13.0 TWh
Lithuania 222.2 W 40.6% 5.4 TWh
Ukraine 218.9 W 74.6% 83.5 TWh
Panama 218.5 W 74.4% 8.3 TWh
Tajikistan 210.7 W 91.2% 18.0 TWh
United Arab Emirates 204.8 W 11.3% 16.8 TWh
Serbia 203.9 W 38.4% 13.0 TWh
Bosnia & Herzegovina 197.8 W 41.3% 5.7 TWh
Italy 194.4 W 35.5% 100.9 TWh
Luxembourg 190.3 W 22.6% 1.1 TWh
Suriname 190.0 W 36.2% 1.0 TWh
Estonia 183.8 W 26.9% 2.1 TWh
New Caledonia 182.5 W 13.7% 0.5 TWh
Turkey 177.5 W 41.9% 131.8 TWh
Armenia 169.3 W 56.6% 4.1 TWh
Ecuador 166.1 W 71.3% 25.9 TWh
The World 162.4 W 39.6% 11252.2 TWh
Aruba 160.7 W 16.1% 0.1 TWh
Curaçao 156.3 W 29.2% 0.3 TWh
Guadeloupe 150.1 W 31.2% 0.5 TWh
Vietnam 141.3 W 43.3% 120.6 TWh
Cook Islands 134.1 W 40.0% 0.0 TWh
Argentina 127.3 W 38.6% 50.5 TWh
Colombia 127.2 W 66.1% 57.4 TWh
Poland 122.4 W 26.1% 41.1 TWh
Malaysia 116.9 W 19.0% 34.4 TWh
Réunion 113.3 W 30.8% 0.9 TWh
Peru 112.1 W 54.1% 33.1 TWh
El Salvador 100.9 W 67.4% 5.6 TWh
Cyprus 99.2 W 21.1% 1.1 TWh
Zambia 95.7 W 92.2% 16.3 TWh
Fiji 87.7 W 62.8% 0.7 TWh
French Polynesia 86.4 W 32.9% 0.2 TWh
Seychelles 85.8 W 12.3% 0.1 TWh
Kazakhstan 85.8 W 12.8% 14.4 TWh
Belarus 84.5 W 16.2% 7.1 TWh
Belize 74.2 W 26.3% 0.3 TWh
South Africa 72.5 W 16.8% 37.7 TWh
Honduras 69.2 W 52.0% 6.2 TWh
Namibia 67.7 W 39.9% 1.5 TWh
North Macedonia 67.3 W 18.0% 1.2 TWh
Eswatini 67.0 W 42.2% 0.7 TWh
Mexico 66.5 W 18.2% 73.8 TWh
Israel 63.6 W 6.8% 5.0 TWh
Dominica 63.0 W 23.5% 0.0 TWh
Guatemala 62.3 W 66.6% 9.6 TWh
Mozambique 57.7 W 81.4% 16.2 TWh
Malta 55.5 W 11.5% 0.3 TWh
Mauritius 53.6 W 21.2% 0.6 TWh
Guam 53.5 W 4.4% 0.1 TWh
North Korea 52.8 W 83.2% 12.0 TWh
Jordan 52.7 W 23.4% 5.2 TWh
Gabon 49.7 W 35.9% 1.0 TWh
Thailand 47.1 W 13.5% 29.5 TWh
Sri Lanka 45.8 W 51.6% 8.7 TWh
St. Vincent & Grenadines 43.8 W 25.0% 0.0 TWh
Cuba 42.8 W 21.4% 4.2 TWh
Nicaragua 42.2 W 42.2% 2.5 TWh
Oman 40.0 W 3.8% 1.6 TWh
Angola 39.0 W 71.8% 11.8 TWh
India 35.5 W 24.3% 437.7 TWh
Pakistan 33.0 W 51.8% 67.0 TWh
Barbados 32.5 W 7.5% 0.1 TWh
Cambodia 31.7 W 37.4% 4.6 TWh
Zimbabwe 31.5 W 45.1% 4.4 TWh
Samoa 31.3 W 35.3% 0.1 TWh
Bolivia 31.1 W 29.2% 3.3 TWh
Dominican Republic 31.0 W 17.2% 3.0 TWh
Equatorial Guinea 30.7 W 31.0% 0.4 TWh
Iran 29.8 W 6.0% 23.0 TWh
Jamaica 28.7 W 16.3% 0.7 TWh
Sudan 27.4 W 66.1% 11.0 TWh
Morocco 27.3 W 22.1% 8.9 TWh
Ghana 25.4 W 34.9% 7.3 TWh
Mongolia 25.2 W 9.0% 0.7 TWh
Philippines 25.1 W 22.3% 25.0 TWh
Lesotho 25.0 W 48.5% 0.5 TWh
Antigua & Barbuda 24.5 W 5.7% 0.0 TWh
Kenya 24.5 W 85.1% 11.4 TWh
Egypt 24.4 W 11.2% 23.4 TWh
St. Kitts & Nevis 24.0 W 4.5% 0.0 TWh
Lebanon 23.7 W 5.6% 1.2 TWh
Indonesia 23.4 W 18.1% 56.2 TWh
Nepal 23.3 W 68.8% 6.1 TWh
U.S. Virgin Islands 22.8 W 2.9% 0.0 TWh
Guyana 22.7 W 13.0% 0.2 TWh
Cameroon 21.1 W 62.2% 5.0 TWh
Myanmar (Burma) 19.6 W 42.2% 9.2 TWh
Congo - Brazzaville 19.0 W 24.1% 1.0 TWh
Singapore 18.1 W 1.6% 0.9 TWh
Puerto Rico 17.9 W 2.8% 0.5 TWh
Guinea 17.0 W 72.7% 2.0 TWh
Uzbekistan 16.8 W 8.1% 5.0 TWh
Azerbaijan 15.7 W 5.4% 1.4 TWh
Papua New Guinea 14.8 W 26.5% 1.3 TWh
Moldova 14.0 W 6.9% 0.4 TWh
Ethiopia 13.9 W 99.9% 14.7 TWh
Iraq 13.8 W 4.6% 5.3 TWh
Côte d’Ivoire 13.8 W 30.1% 3.3 TWh
Cape Verde 13.6 W 15.6% 0.1 TWh
Congo - Kinshasa 13.1 W 98.0% 11.0 TWh
Mauritania 12.4 W 24.0% 0.5 TWh
Liberia 11.6 W 57.6% 0.5 TWh
Maldives 10.9 W 7.6% 0.1 TWh
Tonga 10.8 W 12.5% 0.0 TWh
Uganda 10.6 W 97.0% 4.3 TWh
Senegal 7.6 W 18.9% 1.1 TWh
Vanuatu 7.2 W 28.6% 0.0 TWh
Malawi 6.8 W 83.8% 1.2 TWh
Tanzania 6.6 W 44.0% 3.6 TWh
Mali 6.4 W 36.0% 1.2 TWh
São Tomé & Príncipe 5.1 W 10.0% 0.0 TWh
Palestinian Territories 4.4 W 2.8% 0.2 TWh
Nigeria 4.4 W 24.4% 8.3 TWh
Rwanda 4.3 W 58.0% 0.5 TWh
Syria 4.1 W 4.5% 0.8 TWh
Central African Republic 3.1 W 100.0% 0.1 TWh
Tunisia 3.1 W 1.7% 0.3 TWh
Madagascar 2.8 W 34.4% 0.7 TWh
Saudi Arabia 2.7 W 0.2% 0.8 TWh
Sierra Leone 2.6 W 90.5% 0.2 TWh
Algeria 2.4 W 1.2% 0.9 TWh
Burundi 2.3 W 54.3% 0.3 TWh
Togo 2.2 W 11.8% 0.2 TWh
Yemen 2.1 W 17.0% 0.6 TWh
Afghanistan 2.0 W 11.3% 0.7 TWh
Haiti 1.3 W 13.1% 0.1 TWh
Burkina Faso 1.2 W 8.2% 0.2 TWh
Bangladesh 0.9 W 1.6% 1.3 TWh
Bahrain 0.8 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Botswana 0.4 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Trinidad & Tobago 0.4 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Eritrea 0.3 W 2.2% 0.0 TWh
Hong Kong SAR China 0.3 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Somalia 0.3 W 9.8% 0.0 TWh
Turkmenistan 0.2 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Niger 0.2 W 3.1% 0.1 TWh
Libya 0.2 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
South Sudan 0.1 W 1.8% 0.0 TWh
Benin 0.1 W 1.1% 0.0 TWh
Chad 0.1 W 3.2% 0.0 TWh
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