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Electricity in French Guiana in 2021

Global Ranking: #44
69.3% #42 Low-carbon electricity
387.60 watts #94 Generation / person
229.12 gCO2eq/kWh #48 Carbon Intensity

In 2021, French Guiana witnessed quite a varied landscape in its electricity consumption. Low-carbon sources such as hydro and biofuels predominantly powered the region, with hydro contributing mostly to its electricity supply. However, the share of other low-carbon energy sources like solar and wind was close to none, making the reliance majorly on hydroelectric power. The average electricity consumption per person in French Guiana was significantly lower than the global average of 425 watts per person, which could suggest limited access to electricity or underdeveloped electrical infrastructure. Low levels of electricity generation can hinder economic growth, affect the quality of healthcare and education, and impede other essential services.


To enhance low-carbon electricity generation, French Guiana can learn from successful countries that have significantly boosted their green energy capacities. For instance, Brazil, with its similar geographical characteristics, has achieved impressive results by generating 96 TWh of electricity from wind. Similarly, taking a cue from India and its robust solar initiatives that generated 113 TWh, French Guiana could significantly boost its solar capacity given its advantageous climatic conditions. Additionally, countries like France and Sweden demonstrate the potential and efficiency of nuclear power, contributing 336 TWh and 48 TWh, respectively. By adopting such strategies, French Guiana could strengthen its low-carbon electricity generation and reduce its dependence on fossil fuels.


Looking back at the history of low-carbon electricity in French Guiana, it's clear that hydroelectric power has had a fluctuating trend. From the early 2000s, with increments and declines, reflecting a somewhat inconsistent growth pattern. Notably, between 2001 and 2021, there were multiple years with minor changes in hydroelectric generation, both positive and negative. For instance, in some years like 2009 and 2017, there were significant changes of -0.2 TWh and 0.1 TWh, respectively. Additionally, solar power first appears in the data in 2011 but shows no change for that year. Biofuels emerged in 2021, indicating a diversification of low-carbon sources. These changes imply a potential, yet under-exploited, capability in expanding various sources of clean electricity in the region.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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