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8% of global electricity is generated from Wind

7.81 % Share of global electricity
11 gCO2eq/kWh Carbon Intensity

Wind energy harnesses the power of moving air to create electricity, taking advantage of a natural, clean source. The kinetic energy from wind is transformed into mechanical power through wind turbines, which are often grouped together in wind farms, both onshore and offshore. As the world grapples with the urgent need to transition away from high-emission fossil fuels, wind energy provides a sustainable, efficient, and increasingly popular alternative.

The process of generating electricity from wind involves the use of wind turbines which capture the kinetic energy of moving air. These turbines consist of blades that rotate when wind blows through them, converting the wind's kinetic energy into mechanical energy. This mechanical energy spins a generator within the turbine, producing electricity. The electricity is then transmitted through power lines to homes and businesses. Modern wind turbines are highly efficient and can generate significant amounts of electricity, even at relatively low wind speeds.

One major advantage of wind energy is its extremely low carbon intensity. With emissions of just 11 gCO2eq/kWh, wind energy stands as one of the cleanest sources of electricity. This low-carbon footprint is similar to that of other pivotal low-carbon technologies like nuclear energy at 12 gCO2eq/kWh and solar energy at 45 gCO2eq/kWh. In stark contrast, traditional fossil fuels like coal and oil produce enormous carbon emissions, with coal at 820 gCO2eq/kWh and oil at 650 gCO2eq/kWh, making them significantly more harmful to the environment.

Moreover, wind energy constitutes a growing share of global electricity generation, currently accounting for 7.81%. Some countries have embraced wind energy with remarkable success. For example, Denmark generates more than half (53%) of its electricity from wind, showcasing the feasibility and effectiveness of wind as a cornerstone of a low-carbon electricity grid. Similarly, Sweden (21%), Ireland (32%), Finland (18%), and Norway (10%) also draw significant portions of their electricity from wind power, underlining the pivotal role wind plays in their energy strategies.

The expansion of wind energy highlights a global shift towards cleaner electricity production and demonstrates the potential of low-carbon technologies to combat climate change. As wind turbines become more efficient and widespread, and as other low-carbon technologies like nuclear and solar continue to develop, the reliance on high-emission fossil fuels can be dramatically reduced. This transition not only aids in reducing greenhouse gas emissions but also helps mitigate air pollution, ultimately fostering a healthier planet.

Country/Region Watts / person % TWh
Sweden 378.7 W 20.9% 34.7 TWh
Denmark 378.5 W 53.2% 19.4 TWh
Norway 316.1 W 9.8% 15.0 TWh
Finland 301.7 W 17.9% 14.6 TWh
Ireland 257.3 W 32.5% 11.2 TWh
Netherlands 189.0 W 23.7% 29.0 TWh
Germany 187.9 W 26.7% 137.3 TWh
Uruguay 157.9 W 34.9% 4.7 TWh
Spain 154.2 W 23.8% 64.1 TWh
Belgium 150.1 W 18.2% 15.3 TWh
Aruba 150.0 W 14.3% 0.1 TWh
Portugal 146.8 W 24.0% 13.2 TWh
Australia 145.9 W 12.1% 33.1 TWh
Curaçao 144.6 W 27.0% 0.2 TWh
United States 144.0 W 10.0% 425.2 TWh
United Kingdom 139.9 W 26.0% 82.5 TWh
EU 120.6 W 17.4% 470.2 TWh
Greece 119.2 W 20.1% 10.9 TWh
Canada 114.0 W 6.0% 38.1 TWh
Faroe Islands 107.9 W 11.9% 0.1 TWh
Lithuania 103.6 W 19.9% 2.5 TWh
Austria 103.0 W 11.9% 8.1 TWh
Luxembourg 87.5 W 7.7% 0.5 TWh
France 86.0 W 9.5% 48.6 TWh
New Zealand 77.2 W 7.8% 3.5 TWh
People's Republic of China 70.9 W 9.4% 885.9 TWh
Croatia 70.9 W 13.4% 2.5 TWh
Poland 68.7 W 13.4% 23.1 TWh
Estonia 64.4 W 7.6% 0.8 TWh
Montenegro 60.0 W 8.0% 0.3 TWh
Chile 57.9 W 11.8% 9.9 TWh
Brazil 51.0 W 13.2% 95.7 TWh
Turkey 45.6 W 10.5% 33.9 TWh
Italy 45.3 W 7.5% 23.5 TWh
Romania 44.4 W 13.4% 7.5 TWh
Argentina 36.5 W 8.7% 14.5 TWh
The World 33.2 W 7.8% 2301.8 TWh
Costa Rica 32.6 W 11.9% 1.5 TWh
Guadeloupe 31.7 W 6.6% 0.1 TWh
Republic of China (Taiwan) 29.7 W 2.2% 6.2 TWh
Bulgaria 25.7 W 3.9% 1.6 TWh
St. Kitts & Nevis 24.0 W 4.5% 0.0 TWh
New Caledonia 23.8 W 2.2% 0.1 TWh
Kazakhstan 23.4 W 3.5% 3.9 TWh
South Africa 22.3 W 5.1% 11.6 TWh
Mongolia 21.1 W 6.2% 0.6 TWh
Cyprus 19.3 W 3.9% 0.2 TWh
Morocco 19.2 W 13.9% 6.2 TWh
Mexico 18.6 W 5.8% 20.7 TWh
Jordan 16.5 W 7.3% 1.6 TWh
Latvia 15.8 W 3.7% 0.3 TWh
Martinique 15.5 W 3.3% 0.1 TWh
Serbia 14.7 W 2.5% 0.9 TWh
Panama 13.9 W 4.0% 0.5 TWh
Dominican Republic 13.6 W 6.1% 1.3 TWh
Vietnam 11.7 W 3.8% 10.0 TWh
Cape Verde 11.6 W 14.0% 0.1 TWh
Jamaica 11.3 W 6.1% 0.3 TWh
Nicaragua 11.0 W 12.5% 0.7 TWh
Seychelles 10.7 W 1.6% 0.0 TWh
Bosnia & Herzegovina 9.1 W 1.5% 0.3 TWh
Honduras 8.6 W 6.3% 0.8 TWh
Japan 8.4 W 0.9% 9.1 TWh
Czechia 7.8 W 0.9% 0.7 TWh
North Macedonia 7.6 W 2.0% 0.1 TWh
Peru 7.6 W 3.7% 2.2 TWh
South Korea 7.5 W 0.6% 3.4 TWh
Hungary 7.4 W 1.3% 0.6 TWh
India 6.7 W 4.2% 82.1 TWh
Thailand 6.6 W 1.9% 4.2 TWh
Moldova 6.3 W 2.9% 0.2 TWh
Egypt 5.4 W 2.6% 5.1 TWh
Senegal 5.0 W 9.1% 0.7 TWh
Bolivia 4.4 W 3.9% 0.5 TWh
Kenya 4.3 W 15.4% 2.0 TWh
Mauritania 4.0 W 8.5% 0.2 TWh
Ukraine 3.8 W 1.3% 1.5 TWh
Tunisia 3.2 W 1.4% 0.3 TWh
Puerto Rico 3.2 W 0.5% 0.1 TWh
Georgia 2.7 W 0.6% 0.1 TWh
Russia 2.6 W 0.3% 3.4 TWh
Israel 2.3 W 0.2% 0.2 TWh
Belarus 2.3 W 0.5% 0.2 TWh
Sri Lanka 2.3 W 2.5% 0.4 TWh
Switzerland 2.2 W 0.2% 0.2 TWh
Iceland 2.2 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Guatemala 2.2 W 2.6% 0.3 TWh
Mauritius 1.8 W 0.6% 0.0 TWh
Iran 1.6 W 0.3% 1.3 TWh
Philippines 1.5 W 1.3% 1.5 TWh
Pakistan 1.4 W 1.8% 2.9 TWh
Ecuador 1.3 W 0.6% 0.2 TWh
Namibia 0.9 W 0.5% 0.0 TWh
Azerbaijan 0.9 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Kuwait 0.8 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Ethiopia 0.6 W 3.8% 0.6 TWh
El Salvador 0.5 W 0.4% 0.0 TWh
Slovenia 0.5 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Colombia 0.5 W 0.2% 0.2 TWh
Venezuela 0.4 W 0.1% 0.1 TWh
Lebanon 0.2 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Cuba 0.2 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Indonesia 0.2 W 0.1% 0.4 TWh
Somalia 0.1 W 2.6% 0.0 TWh
Chad 0.1 W 2.9% 0.0 TWh
Nepal 0.0 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Saudi Arabia 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Algeria 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Bangladesh 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
United Arab Emirates 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
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