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6.2% of global electricity is generated from Wind

What is Wind?

Wind power is the conversion of wind energy to electricity. The movement of air is used to turn a wind turbine, which turns a generator which makes electricity.


Is Wind a low-carbon energy source?

Yes, due to its relatively low lifecycle emissions, Wind is considered to be a low-carbon energy source.

The median estimate of lifecycle emissions from Wind is 11 gCO2eq / kWh. This is based on the Technology-specific Cost and Performance Parameters report from the IPCC.

Wind11 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Nuclear12 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Hydropower24 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Geothermal38 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Solar45 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Biofuels230 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Gas490 gCO2eq / kWhHigh-carbon / fossil fuel
Oil650 gCO2eq / kWhHigh-carbon / fossil fuel
Coal820 gCO2eq / kWhHigh-carbon / fossil fuel

Wind compared to other low-carbon energy electricity sources

Most significant producers of electricity from Wind

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Significant changes of low-carbon power due to Wind

Region Years Change
Denmark 2006 → 2019 18 → 63.4%
Cape Verde 2010 → 2012 1.2 → 19.8%
Ireland 2010 → 2020 13.6 → 40.7%
Spain 2005 → 2013 35.4 → 58.4%
Netherlands 2013 → 2020 10.8 → 28.5%
Curaçao 2011 → 2017 4.8 → 21.1%
Germany 2013 → 2020 39.1 → 56.2%
Aruba 2009 → 2015 3.3 → 19.1%
Jordan 2014 → 2019 0.3 → 13.8%
Vanuatu 2011 → 2015 8.6 → 21.4%
Australia 2009 → 2020 7.5 → 24.9%
Eritrea 2016 → 2019 1.1 → 12%
Brazil 2015 → 2020 72.3 → 83%