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8% of global electricity is generated from Wind

7.56 % Share of global electricity
11 gCO2eq/kWh Carbon Intensity

Wind is a form of energy that utilizes the natural movement of air in our atmosphere to generate electricity. As one of the many forms of low-carbon technology, wind energy harnesses the power of the Earth’s air movements to convert kinetic energy into mechanical power. Not only is this energy source clean, sustainable, and abundant, but it also plays an essential role in our global shift towards green energy alongside solar and nuclear power.

The basic mechanics of how wind energy generates electricity relies on wind turbines. These structures, often soaring high into the sky, are strategically placed in areas known for consistent air movement. As wind passes through a turbine’s large blades, the force of the wind rotates the blades which are connected to a drive shaft. The spinning of the drive shaft within a generator converts the mechanical energy into electrical energy. This electricity is then transferred through power lines to residences, businesses, and industries for use.

One of the most significant advantages of wind energy is its remarkably low carbon intensity. With an average carbon intensity value of 11 gCO2eq/kWh, wind energy emits far less greenhouse gases compared to fossil fuels. Comparatively, coal has a carbon intensity value of 820 gCO2eq/kWh and natural gas stands at 490 gCO2eq/kWh. This makes wind energy, alongside nuclear (12 gCO2eq/kWh) and solar (45 gCO2eq/kWh), one of the least carbon intensive forms of electrical energy generation.

In recent years, the role of wind energy in global electricity generation has seen significant growth. As of today, wind energy accounts for 7.56% of all electricity consumed worldwide- an impressive feat considering its shift from an untapped potential just few decades ago. This growth is particularly significant in countries such as Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Ireland.

Taking a closer look at individual countries, wind energy's contribution to their electrical grids showcases its sustainable potential. In Sweden, 22% of all electricity is generated from wind, whilst in Denmark, an incredible 59% of all electricity comes from this source. Finland and Norway also harness the potential of wind, generating 19% and 9% of their electricity, respectively, from wind energy. Lastly, Ireland's wind resource contribution is also commendable, with 34% of its electricity generated from wind. These statistics illustrate the capabilities of wind energy when effectively harnessed, paving the way for a more sustainable, clean, and green future.

Country/Region Watts / person % TWh
Sweden 374.6 W 22.0% 34.3 TWh
Denmark 370.3 W 58.6% 19.0 TWh
Finland 293.7 W 18.6% 14.2 TWh
Norway 291.5 W 9.0% 13.8 TWh
Ireland 265.2 W 34.4% 11.6 TWh
Germany 187.1 W 28.9% 136.7 TWh
Uruguay 169.9 W 41.3% 5.1 TWh
Netherlands 169.8 W 22.4% 26.0 TWh
Aruba 150.0 W 15.1% 0.1 TWh
Spain 148.9 W 23.7% 61.9 TWh
Portugal 148.5 W 23.0% 13.4 TWh
United States 147.2 W 10.1% 434.5 TWh
Australia 142.0 W 13.0% 32.2 TWh
United Kingdom 134.1 W 27.7% 79.0 TWh
Belgium 133.5 W 16.6% 13.6 TWh
Canada 114.0 W 6.0% 38.1 TWh
Curaçao 112.5 W 19.0% 0.2 TWh
EU 108.0 W 15.1% 420.9 TWh
Faroe Islands 107.9 W 11.9% 0.1 TWh
Austria 105.8 W 12.9% 8.3 TWh
Greece 102.5 W 20.3% 9.4 TWh
Lithuania 95.6 W 17.5% 2.3 TWh
France 82.5 W 9.7% 46.7 TWh
Luxembourg 82.5 W 9.8% 0.5 TWh
People's Republic of China 75.8 W 10.4% 946.8 TWh
Croatia 72.0 W 14.1% 2.6 TWh
Estonia 70.4 W 10.3% 0.8 TWh
New Zealand 68.0 W 7.2% 3.1 TWh
Poland 63.4 W 13.5% 21.3 TWh
Chile 60.0 W 11.5% 10.2 TWh
Montenegro 59.3 W 9.2% 0.3 TWh
Brazil 49.4 W 13.7% 92.8 TWh
Turkey 45.8 W 10.6% 34.0 TWh
Italy 44.5 W 8.1% 23.1 TWh
Romania 44.4 W 13.3% 7.5 TWh
Argentina 34.6 W 9.8% 13.7 TWh
Costa Rica 32.8 W 12.1% 1.5 TWh
The World 31.1 W 7.6% 2157.1 TWh
Bulgaria 24.6 W 3.7% 1.5 TWh
St. Kitts & Nevis 24.0 W 4.5% 0.0 TWh
Mongolia 23.8 W 8.5% 0.7 TWh
New Caledonia 23.8 W 1.8% 0.1 TWh
Republic of China (Taiwan) 21.3 W 1.6% 4.4 TWh
Cyprus 20.2 W 4.2% 0.2 TWh
Mexico 18.9 W 5.4% 21.0 TWh
South Africa 18.6 W 4.5% 9.7 TWh
Panama 17.3 W 5.9% 0.7 TWh
Jordan 16.1 W 7.1% 1.6 TWh
Serbia 15.9 W 2.8% 1.0 TWh
Morocco 15.7 W 12.1% 5.1 TWh
Latvia 15.5 W 3.9% 0.3 TWh
Guadeloupe 14.2 W 2.9% 0.1 TWh
Kazakhstan 13.6 W 2.0% 2.3 TWh
Dominican Republic 13.2 W 7.3% 1.3 TWh
Vietnam 12.4 W 3.8% 10.6 TWh
Jamaica 12.1 W 6.9% 0.3 TWh
Cape Verde 11.6 W 13.3% 0.1 TWh
Seychelles 10.7 W 1.5% 0.0 TWh
Nicaragua 10.5 W 10.5% 0.6 TWh
Honduras 8.9 W 6.7% 0.8 TWh
Japan 8.1 W 0.9% 8.8 TWh
Peru 7.8 W 3.9% 2.3 TWh
Czechia 7.5 W 0.9% 0.7 TWh
South Korea 7.4 W 0.6% 3.4 TWh
India 7.3 W 5.1% 90.6 TWh
Hungary 7.3 W 1.5% 0.6 TWh
Puerto Rico 5.6 W 0.9% 0.2 TWh
Bosnia & Herzegovina 5.5 W 1.1% 0.2 TWh
North Macedonia 5.0 W 1.4% 0.1 TWh
Egypt 4.4 W 2.0% 4.2 TWh
Thailand 4.4 W 1.2% 2.8 TWh
Bolivia 4.1 W 3.8% 0.4 TWh
Tunisia 3.9 W 2.1% 0.4 TWh
Mauritania 3.7 W 7.2% 0.1 TWh
Georgia 3.6 W 0.8% 0.1 TWh
Kenya 3.6 W 13.5% 1.7 TWh
Ukraine 3.2 W 1.1% 1.2 TWh
Russia 3.2 W 0.4% 4.1 TWh
Israel 2.4 W 0.3% 0.2 TWh
Belarus 2.3 W 0.4% 0.2 TWh
Pakistan 2.2 W 3.4% 4.4 TWh
Guatemala 2.1 W 2.2% 0.3 TWh
Sri Lanka 1.9 W 2.3% 0.4 TWh
Iceland 1.8 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Mauritius 1.8 W 0.7% 0.0 TWh
Senegal 1.7 W 4.2% 0.3 TWh
Switzerland 1.6 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Moldova 1.5 W 0.7% 0.0 TWh
Réunion 1.3 W 0.3% 0.0 TWh
Azerbaijan 1.0 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Philippines 1.0 W 0.8% 0.9 TWh
Namibia 0.9 W 0.5% 0.0 TWh
Ethiopia 0.6 W 4.2% 0.6 TWh
Ecuador 0.4 W 0.2% 0.1 TWh
El Salvador 0.4 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Venezuela 0.3 W 0.1% 0.1 TWh
Slovenia 0.3 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Lebanon 0.2 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Cuba 0.2 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Indonesia 0.2 W 0.1% 0.4 TWh
Colombia 0.2 W 0.1% 0.1 TWh
Somalia 0.1 W 2.4% 0.0 TWh
Chad 0.1 W 3.2% 0.0 TWh
Slovakia 0.1 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Nepal 0.0 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Algeria 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh