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8% of global electricity is generated from Wind

8.01 % Share of global electricity
11 gCO2eq/kWh Carbon Intensity

Wind energy is a form of power derived from the natural resource of wind - a naturally occurring phenomenon caused by the heating and cooling of the earth's atmosphere. This kinetic energy, harnessed by turbines and converted to electricity, is a low-carbon, clean, sustainable, green energy source. It is a part of the broader effort towards decarbonizing our power grids and replacing the high-polluting fossil-fuels, such as coal and gas, with cleaner and environmentally friendly options such as wind, nuclear, and solar.

Wind power works by utilizing wind turbines to transform the wind's kinetic energy into mechanical energy. This mechanical energy is then converted into electricity through a generator, a process aided by the rotation of the turbine blades, which spins a shaft connected to the generator. In synergy with other low-carbon energy sources like nuclear and solar energy, the implementation of wind power is a significant step forward in the pursuit of green energy solutions.

One notable advantage of wind power lies in its incredibly low carbon intensity, boasting an average of just 11 gCO2eq/kWh. This makes it less impactful on the environment when compared with fossil fuel-based energy sources, like coal (820 gCO2eq/kWh) and gas (490 gCO2eq/kWh). Wind power, along with other low-carbon sources like nuclear and solar, significantly reduces the carbon footprint associated with energy production, contributing meaningfully to the fight against climate change and air pollution.

Furthermore, wind power was responsible for generating 8.01% of all electricity consumed globally in recent years. A testament to its potency, some countries have been successful in harnessing wind energy towards electricity needs at impressive rates. Denmark, for example, generates 59% of its electricity from wind, leading the pack in demonstrating the effectiveness of this energy source.

Similarly, Scandinavian countries have also embraced wind power as a significant contributor to their energy mix. In Sweden, 22% of electricity is wind-generated, while in Norway and Finland, the figure stands at 9% and 18% respectively. These statistics further establish the efficacy and potential of wind energy in meeting national and global electricity demands.

Moreover, Ireland has been a standout example in the usage of wind power, generating a remarkable 34% of its electricity from wind sources. This figure underscores the significant role wind energy can play in a country's power mix when the necessary attention, effort, and resources are directed towards its development and expansion.

Collectively, all these figures underline the real-world feasibility and benefits of wind power. When employed in concert with other low-carbon energy sources, like nuclear and solar, wind energy could play a significant role in mitigating the adverse effects of climate change, air pollution, and other environmental concerns, through appealing to greener and cleaner options for electricity production.

Country/Region Watts / person % TWh
Denmark 378.7 W 59.4% 19.4 TWh
Sweden 372.8 W 22.0% 34.2 TWh
Norway 293.6 W 9.1% 13.9 TWh
Finland 289.3 W 18.2% 14.0 TWh
Ireland 264.0 W 34.4% 11.5 TWh
Germany 194.6 W 30.1% 142.2 TWh
Netherlands 190.5 W 24.7% 29.2 TWh
Uruguay 166.6 W 41.4% 5.0 TWh
Aruba 150.0 W 15.1% 0.1 TWh
Spain 146.8 W 23.5% 61.1 TWh
Portugal 143.6 W 22.4% 12.9 TWh
United States 143.3 W 9.9% 423.1 TWh
Belgium 139.0 W 17.4% 14.1 TWh
United Kingdom 133.9 W 30.2% 78.9 TWh
Australia 132.6 W 13.3% 30.1 TWh
EU 119.3 W 18.4% 465.2 TWh
Curaçao 112.5 W 19.0% 0.2 TWh
Canada 108.1 W 5.9% 36.1 TWh
Faroe Islands 107.9 W 11.9% 0.1 TWh
Austria 105.8 W 13.4% 8.3 TWh
Greece 102.9 W 20.5% 9.4 TWh
Lithuania 98.7 W 18.0% 2.4 TWh
Luxembourg 87.0 W 10.3% 0.5 TWh
France 83.0 W 9.7% 46.9 TWh
People's Republic of China 75.4 W 10.4% 941.4 TWh
New Zealand 74.8 W 7.9% 3.4 TWh
Croatia 71.2 W 14.0% 2.5 TWh
Estonia 69.2 W 10.1% 0.8 TWh
Poland 66.0 W 14.1% 22.1 TWh
Chile 58.1 W 11.9% 9.9 TWh
Montenegro 56.3 W 8.5% 0.3 TWh
Brazil 49.9 W 14.2% 93.6 TWh
Turkey 45.5 W 10.5% 33.8 TWh
Romania 43.9 W 13.2% 7.4 TWh
Italy 43.8 W 8.1% 22.7 TWh
Argentina 36.7 W 10.8% 14.5 TWh
The World 32.8 W 8.0% 2275.6 TWh
Costa Rica 32.3 W 11.9% 1.5 TWh
Mongolia 25.6 W 9.1% 0.8 TWh
Bulgaria 24.7 W 3.8% 1.5 TWh
St. Kitts & Nevis 24.0 W 4.5% 0.0 TWh
New Caledonia 23.8 W 1.8% 0.1 TWh
South Africa 22.8 W 5.3% 11.9 TWh
Kazakhstan 21.7 W 3.2% 3.6 TWh
Republic of China (Taiwan) 21.6 W 1.6% 4.5 TWh
Cyprus 19.4 W 4.1% 0.2 TWh
Mexico 18.7 W 5.4% 20.7 TWh
Panama 17.3 W 5.9% 0.7 TWh
Jordan 16.1 W 7.1% 1.6 TWh
Morocco 15.7 W 12.1% 5.1 TWh
Latvia 15.4 W 3.8% 0.3 TWh
Serbia 14.5 W 2.7% 0.9 TWh
Guadeloupe 14.2 W 2.9% 0.1 TWh
Dominican Republic 13.2 W 7.3% 1.3 TWh
Vietnam 12.4 W 3.8% 10.6 TWh
Jamaica 12.1 W 6.9% 0.3 TWh
Cape Verde 11.6 W 13.3% 0.1 TWh
Seychelles 10.7 W 1.5% 0.0 TWh
Nicaragua 10.5 W 10.5% 0.6 TWh
Japan 9.4 W 1.1% 10.3 TWh
Honduras 8.9 W 6.7% 0.8 TWh
Peru 7.8 W 3.9% 2.3 TWh
Czechia 7.7 W 1.0% 0.7 TWh
India 7.4 W 5.1% 91.0 TWh
Hungary 7.3 W 1.5% 0.6 TWh
South Korea 7.2 W 0.6% 3.3 TWh
Thailand 6.2 W 1.8% 3.9 TWh
Puerto Rico 5.6 W 0.9% 0.2 TWh
North Macedonia 5.5 W 1.5% 0.1 TWh
Bosnia & Herzegovina 5.1 W 1.1% 0.1 TWh
Bolivia 4.7 W 4.4% 0.5 TWh
Egypt 4.4 W 2.0% 4.2 TWh
Kenya 4.3 W 14.9% 2.0 TWh
Mauritania 3.7 W 7.2% 0.1 TWh
Georgia 3.6 W 0.8% 0.1 TWh
Russia 3.4 W 0.4% 4.4 TWh
Ukraine 3.2 W 1.1% 1.2 TWh
Tunisia 3.1 W 1.7% 0.3 TWh
Israel 2.4 W 0.3% 0.2 TWh
Belarus 2.3 W 0.4% 0.2 TWh
Pakistan 2.2 W 3.4% 4.4 TWh
Guatemala 2.1 W 2.2% 0.3 TWh
Sri Lanka 1.9 W 2.3% 0.4 TWh
Switzerland 1.9 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Iceland 1.9 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Mauritius 1.8 W 0.7% 0.0 TWh
Senegal 1.7 W 4.2% 0.3 TWh
Moldova 1.4 W 0.7% 0.0 TWh
Ecuador 1.3 W 0.6% 0.2 TWh
Réunion 1.3 W 0.3% 0.0 TWh
Azerbaijan 1.0 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Philippines 1.0 W 0.8% 0.9 TWh
Namibia 0.9 W 0.5% 0.0 TWh
Ethiopia 0.6 W 4.2% 0.6 TWh
El Salvador 0.4 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Venezuela 0.3 W 0.1% 0.1 TWh
Slovenia 0.2 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Lebanon 0.2 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Cuba 0.2 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Indonesia 0.2 W 0.1% 0.4 TWh
Colombia 0.1 W 0.1% 0.1 TWh
Slovakia 0.1 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Somalia 0.1 W 2.4% 0.0 TWh
Chad 0.1 W 3.2% 0.0 TWh
Nepal 0.0 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Algeria 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
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