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Electricity in Namibia in 2021

Global Ranking: #88
39.9% #85 Low-carbon electricity
169.64 watts #138 Generation / person
271.81 gCO2eq/kWh #60 Carbon Intensity

Namibia's electricity consumption in 2021 was primarily shaped by a mix of net imports and low-carbon energy, the latter accounting for just over 1.5 TWh. Within this low-carbon bracket, the lion's share was contributed by hydropower, which generated more than a third of the total or 1.1 TWh. While these figures indicate a move towards cleaner, sustainable energy sources, they remain far below the global average. To be precise, the average worldwide stands at 410 watts per person, a target Namibia is yet to reach. It's indisputable that low levels of electricity generation could significantly hinder development across a multitude of sectors, from industrial production to the delivery of essential services, impacting the economy at large.


To bolster its low-carbon electricity production, Namibia could draw lessons from nations that have shown exemplary performance in this sector. One possible avenue would be to expand its existing solar energies since they already play a vital role in the country's energy mix. The People's Republic of China and the United States have both set impressive records, generating over 531 TWh and 243 TWh from solar energy respectively. Moreover, given the country's abundant sunshine, boosting solar capacity could prove highly advantageous. However, to achieve diversity in power sources and ensure consistent supply, Namibia might also consider drawing on other low-carbon technologies, possibly learning from countries like the United States or France, where nuclear power accounts for a significant chunk of the energy makeup.


The history of low-carbon electricity production in Namibia, dominated chiefly by hydroelectric power, brings to light both progress and hurdles. Commencing in the early '90s, we see a period of fluctuation, with electricity production alternating between negative and positive growth up until the end of the decade. The early years of the 21st century continued this trend until 2005 when hydropower supplies experienced a modest increment. The subsequent decade was somewhat tumultuous, marked by occasional dips before finally culminating in a rather sharp fall in 2018. While things started looking up in 2020, a slight reduction of 0.4 TWh was again observed in 2021. With the clear highs and lows over the years, it sends a strong message that concerted, strategic efforts are necessary to stabilize and increase low-carbon electricity generation within the country.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1991 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the year 2000 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2001 to 2016 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2017 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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