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Electricity in Denmark in 2023

Global Ranking: #16
82.9% #27 Low-carbon electricity
53.19 % #26 Electrification
637.95 watts #55 Generation / person
162.60 gCO2eq/kWh #35 Carbon Intensity

As we examine Denmark's electricity patterns, it is evident that the nation is readily championing the battle against carbon emissions, already deriving over 80% of its electricity from low-carbon sources. With the total accumulated percentage exceeding 100%, this means that Denmark is a significant net exporter of electricity, aiding neighboring countries in their pursuit of lowering emissions. The composition of this low-carbon energy portfolio is indeed interesting, with wind energy contributing to almost 60% of the total electricity consumed. Meanwhile, biofuels, despite some controversy surrounding its classification, contribute just over 14% while solar energy amounts to nearly 10%. The less desirable fossil fuels make up about 17% of the consumption, broken down into roughly 10% from coal and around 6% from gas.


The next challenge Denmark must confront lies in the electrification of other sectors such as transportation, heating, and industry, requiring a substantial increase in electricity demand. As we move forward, it would be a prudent strategy to expand on the use of wind energy, given it's already massive contribution to the nation's low-carbon electricity generation. The infrastructure is already in place, and maximizing its potential would be both highly efficient and substantially impactful.


The history of low-carbon electricity in Denmark has seen a steady momentum towards better sustainability. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, there was sustained growth in wind energy generation. The next decade witnessed a spike in the production of biofuels while wind energy maintained steady progress, despite a few hiccups. One must be critical of the sharp decline in wind energy production in 2016 and 2018. However, the trend overall has been largely positive, with the consistency in wind energy generation over the years being testament to Denmark’s commitment to low-carbon electricity. Interestingly, solar energy has begun making its mark in recent years, indicating a diversification of low-carbon sources for future sustainability.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Maximum Imports

Data Sources

For the years 1978 to 1989 the data sources are World Bank and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 2019 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2020 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2023 the data source is ENTSOE.
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