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Electricity in Republic of China (Taiwan) in 2023

Global Ranking: #111
16.9% #135 Low-carbon electricity
63.30 % #11 Electrification
1349.85 watts #14 Generation / person
554.21 gCO2eq/kWh #161 Carbon Intensity

In 2023, the Republic of China (Taiwan) predominantly relied on fossil fuels for electricity, with about 83% of its electricity coming from coal, gas, and oil. Coal was the largest contributor, generating approximately 42% of electricity, closely followed by gas at about 40%. Low-carbon or clean energy sources contributed almost 17% of Taiwan's electricity. Nuclear energy constituted roughly 6%, solar generated nearly 5%, hydropower stood at close to 2.5%, and wind accounted for just over 2%.


To increase its share of low-carbon electricity, Taiwan could take cues from other nations successfully utilizing nuclear, wind, and solar energy. For instance, countries like France and Slovakia generate more than 60% of their electricity through nuclear power, showcasing the potential scalability of nuclear energy. Denmark, on the other hand, generates over half of its electricity through wind power. Taiwan could benefit from both models, rapidly ramping up its nuclear capacity while simultaneously expanding wind and solar farms, to diversify and stabilize its low-carbon energy supply.


Historically, Taiwan saw significant growth in nuclear energy from the early 1980s, with substantial increases each year until the late 1990s. Notably, nuclear energy grew by 6 TWh in both 1983 and 1984. However, the trend reversed after 2001 with occasional declines, the most significant being in 2017, when nuclear generation dropped by 9.2 TWh. Conversely, clean energy sources like solar and wind have shown promising growth in recent years, particularly solar energy which increased by 2.7 TWh in 2022 and wind energy which grew by 2.6 TWh in 2023. These trends highlight the potential for Taiwan to shift further toward sustainable energy sources.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1984 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1985 to 2010 the data source is Energy Institute.
For the years 2011 to 2023 the data source is 能源統計專區.
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