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2.3% of global electricity is generated from Biofuels

What is Biofuels?

Biofuels are plant or animal materials that can be burnt to produce electricity. The heat is used to turn water into steam, which is then used to turn a turbine. The turbine turns a generator which makes electricity.


Is Biofuels a low-carbon energy source?

Yes, due to its relatively low lifecycle emissions, Biofuels is considered to be a low-carbon energy source.

The median estimate of lifecycle emissions from Biofuels is 230 gCO2eq / kWh. This is based on the Technology-specific Cost and Performance Parameters report from the IPCC.

Wind11 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Nuclear12 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Hydropower24 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Geothermal38 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Solar45 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Biofuels230 gCO2eq / kWhLow-carbon
Gas490 gCO2eq / kWhHigh-carbon / fossil fuel
Oil650 gCO2eq / kWhHigh-carbon / fossil fuel
Coal820 gCO2eq / kWhHigh-carbon / fossil fuel

Biofuels compared to other low-carbon energy electricity sources

Most significant producers of electricity from Biofuels

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