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Electricity in Congo - Brazzaville in 2022

Global Ranking: #155
22.5% #123 Low-carbon electricity
78.24 watts #164 Generation / person
393.40 gCO2eq/kWh #96 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, the total electricity consumption in Congo - Brazzaville was predominantly sourced from fossil fuels. Specifically, the country generated 3.1 TWh of electricity from fossil sources, with an additional 2.9 TWh coming from gas, another fossil fuel. This accounts for the vast majority of their electricity, with close to none coming from low-carbon or clean energy sources. If we compare this to the global average of 432 watts per person, Congo - Brazzaville falls significantly short. Such low levels of electricity consumption can impede economic growth, reduce the quality of life, and prevent broader access to essential services like healthcare, education, and communication technologies.


To increase the generation of low-carbon electricity, Congo - Brazzaville could look to successful models adopted by other countries. For example, Brazil has effectively harnessed wind energy to produce 96 TWh of electricity, and India has successfully leveraged both wind and solar power, generating 82 TWh from wind and 113 TWh from solar energy. Additionally, considering nuclear could provide a consistent and reliable source of electricity, much like it does in countries such as France, which generates 336 TWh from nuclear, and South Korea, which produces 180 TWh. By investing in and supporting the development of wind, solar, and nuclear power, Congo - Brazzaville can significantly reduce its reliance on fossil fuels and move towards a more sustainable future.


Looking at the history of low-carbon electricity generation in Congo - Brazzaville, there has been some fluctuation in hydroelectric output. In the early 1980s, there were small increases, such as a 0.1 TWh gain in 1981, 1982, and 1985. However, by the early 1990s, the trend included some declines, with decreases of 0.1 TWh in 1992 and 1993. The late 1990s also saw variability, including a notable decrease of 0.2 TWh in 1999. In more recent years, the hydroelectric generation peaked with significant gains, including a 0.4 TWh increase in 2011, but also experienced a substantial drop of 0.4 TWh in 2019. This mixed history indicates a need for stable, reliable, and scalable clean energy investments to ensure consistent electricity supply.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 2000 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2001 to 2014 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2015 to 2017 the data source is IEA.
For the year 2018 the data sources are IEA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 2019 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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