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Electricity in Congo - Brazzaville in 2021

Global Ranking: #137
24.1% #119 Low-carbon electricity
78.64 watts #161 Generation / person
395.51 gCO2eq/kWh #92 Carbon Intensity

In Congo - Brazzaville, electricity consumption in 2021 was dominated by fossil fuels, with fossil energy generating 3.05 TWh and gas a close second at 2.7 TWh. This amount is far below the global average of 410 watts per person. This low level of electricity generation results in a number of challenges. First and foremost is the widespread lack of access to stable and reliable electricity, which is a significant barrier to economic development and modern lifestyle convenience. Furthermore, the heavy reliance on fossil energy sources contributes to the global problem of climate change through the emission of greenhouse gases.


Looking at some of the more successful countries in terms of low-carbon energy generation, Congo - Brazzaville might be able to glean some insight on ways to shift towards cleaner, more sustainable power. China, for instance, has made significant strides in wind and solar, generating 964 TWh and 523 TWh in these categories respectively. Likewise, the United States has also harnessed substantial amounts of nuclear power, producing 775 TWh. Where it comes to neighboring countries on the African continent, South Africa's foray into solar energy is worth noting, generating 16 TWh. By investing in infrastructure for wind, solar, and potentially nuclear power, Congo - Brazzaville could significantly increase its clean electricity generation.


The history of low-carbon electricity in Congo - Brazzaville has been largely centered around hydro power. In the early 1980s, the nation saw a modest increase in hydroelectric power generation, adding about 0.1 TWh annually. This trend continued intermittently until the new century, with some occasional dips happening in the 1990s. Unfortunately, the generation of hydroelectric power has not significantly increased in the last few decades, staying roughly at the same level or even decreasing slightly since the turn of the century. With climate change impacting water levels and rainfall patterns, it is crucial for Congo - Brazzaville to diversify its low-carbon energy production for a more resilient power grid.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 2000 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2001 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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