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5% of global electricity is generated from Solar

5.43 % Share of global electricity
45 gCO2eq/kWh Carbon Intensity

Solar energy is a type of renewable energy source harnessed from the radiant light and heat of the sun. It is an abundant and universally obtained form of energy considered pivotal to the future prospects of green, sustainable energy systems globally.

Solar energy generation involves photovoltaic cells, often compiled into panels, absorbing sunlight. Once the light is absorbed, the built-in semiconductors get activated, which results in the electrons being knocked loose from their atoms, and generating electricity. Solar energy can directly power homes and businesses with minimal interference to the existing energy infrastructure.

One significant advantage of solar energy is its low carbon intensity. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the carbon intensity of solar energy is approximately 45 gCO2eq/kWh, significantly less than fossil fuels such as coal and gas which average at 820 gCO2eq/kWh and 490 gCO2eq/kWh respectively. This shows that solar predominantly contributes to low-carbon electricity, in sync with other renewable and low-carbon energy sources such as wind and nuclear power, which also showcase low carbon intensity figures.

Furthermore, solar power is emerging as a principal source of electricity globally. As per the available data, it generated 5.43% of all electricity consumed internationally. This clearly indicates that solar power is playing a significant role in strategy towards cleaner and greener solutions globally.

In terms of regional focus, the utilization of solar energy and its contribution to electricity generation are especially impressive in a number of countries. Australia is a leader in this respect, with solar power generation contributing to a whopping 18% of the national electricity intake. Similarly, in the Netherlands, 17% of electricity is powered by solar energy, while in Chile, it goes up to 20%. Countries like Spain and Greece are not far behind, with solar energy contributing 16% and 19% of their total electricity generation respectively. These figures underscore the strides made by these countries in adopting low-carbon technologies.

Moreover, the combined percentage of solar energy in these countries clearly illuminates the role of solar power in ushering in a sustainable, green future. Alongside wind and nuclear energy sources, solar power stands as a promising pillar in the global march against carbon emissions, encouraging countries to invest extensively in these low-carbon technologies.

Country/Region Watts / person % TWh
Australia 182.1 W 18.3% 41.4 TWh
Cook Islands 134.1 W 40.0% 0.0 TWh
Netherlands 129.6 W 16.8% 19.9 TWh
Chile 97.5 W 19.9% 16.7 TWh
Spain 97.2 W 15.5% 40.4 TWh
Greece 94.0 W 18.7% 8.6 TWh
Japan 92.0 W 10.3% 100.4 TWh
United States 82.2 W 5.7% 242.7 TWh
Cyprus 76.3 W 16.0% 0.8 TWh
Germany 75.6 W 11.7% 55.2 TWh
Seychelles 75.0 W 10.8% 0.1 TWh
New Caledonia 71.4 W 5.4% 0.2 TWh
South Korea 71.4 W 5.5% 32.4 TWh
Belgium 70.7 W 8.9% 7.2 TWh
United Arab Emirates 62.7 W 3.7% 5.1 TWh
Republic of China (Taiwan) 62.6 W 4.7% 13.1 TWh
Estonia 59.7 W 8.7% 0.7 TWh
Israel 59.5 W 6.3% 4.6 TWh
Denmark 58.9 W 9.2% 3.0 TWh
Malta 57.2 W 10.5% 0.3 TWh
EU 55.5 W 8.6% 216.4 TWh
Guam 53.5 W 4.4% 0.1 TWh
Hungary 51.7 W 10.3% 4.4 TWh
Bulgaria 50.8 W 7.7% 3.1 TWh
Switzerland 46.4 W 7.4% 3.5 TWh
Italy 46.2 W 8.6% 24.0 TWh
Luxembourg 45.4 W 5.4% 0.3 TWh
People's Republic of China 42.5 W 5.8% 530.5 TWh
Portugal 40.0 W 6.2% 3.6 TWh
Poland 39.4 W 8.4% 13.2 TWh
France 38.1 W 4.5% 21.5 TWh
Jordan 35.8 W 15.9% 3.5 TWh
Canada 33.0 W 1.8% 11.0 TWh
Barbados 32.5 W 7.5% 0.1 TWh
South Africa 31.3 W 7.2% 16.3 TWh
Vietnam 30.2 W 9.2% 25.8 TWh
Czechia 30.2 W 3.8% 2.8 TWh
Austria 30.0 W 3.8% 2.3 TWh
Lithuania 26.8 W 4.9% 0.7 TWh
Brazil 26.5 W 7.6% 49.8 TWh
Turkey 24.7 W 5.7% 18.3 TWh
Antigua & Barbuda 24.5 W 5.7% 0.0 TWh
U.S. Virgin Islands 22.8 W 2.9% 0.0 TWh
The World 22.3 W 5.4% 1543.3 TWh
United Kingdom 20.8 W 4.7% 12.2 TWh
El Salvador 19.9 W 13.3% 1.1 TWh
French Guiana 19.5 W 3.8% 0.0 TWh
French Polynesia 18.8 W 7.1% 0.1 TWh
Singapore 18.1 W 1.7% 0.9 TWh
Réunion 17.8 W 4.8% 0.1 TWh
Finland 17.5 W 1.1% 0.9 TWh
Namibia 17.1 W 10.1% 0.4 TWh
Slovenia 17.0 W 2.2% 0.3 TWh
Ukraine 15.7 W 5.3% 6.0 TWh
Sweden 14.2 W 0.8% 1.3 TWh
Honduras 14.2 W 10.7% 1.3 TWh
Mauritius 14.1 W 5.6% 0.2 TWh
Uruguay 13.6 W 3.4% 0.4 TWh
Mexico 13.0 W 3.7% 14.4 TWh
Curaçao 12.6 W 2.1% 0.0 TWh
Panama 11.0 W 3.8% 0.4 TWh
Maldives 10.9 W 7.6% 0.1 TWh
Tonga 10.8 W 12.5% 0.0 TWh
Kazakhstan 10.7 W 1.6% 1.8 TWh
Aruba 10.7 W 1.1% 0.0 TWh
Samoa 10.4 W 11.8% 0.0 TWh
Slovakia 10.2 W 1.6% 0.5 TWh
India 9.6 W 6.6% 118.6 TWh
Puerto Rico 9.5 W 1.5% 0.3 TWh
Romania 8.6 W 2.6% 1.5 TWh
Guadeloupe 8.5 W 1.8% 0.0 TWh
Argentina 8.1 W 2.4% 3.2 TWh
Thailand 7.8 W 2.3% 4.9 TWh
Malaysia 6.8 W 1.1% 2.0 TWh
Jamaica 6.1 W 3.4% 0.1 TWh
Morocco 5.6 W 4.3% 1.8 TWh
Dominican Republic 5.4 W 3.0% 0.5 TWh
Egypt 5.3 W 2.4% 5.0 TWh
Palestinian Territories 4.4 W 2.8% 0.2 TWh
Oman 4.0 W 0.4% 0.2 TWh
Suriname 3.7 W 0.7% 0.0 TWh
Armenia 3.7 W 1.2% 0.1 TWh
Vanuatu 3.6 W 14.3% 0.0 TWh
Ireland 3.5 W 0.5% 0.2 TWh
Mauritania 3.5 W 6.7% 0.1 TWh
Bolivia 3.4 W 3.2% 0.4 TWh
Croatia 3.2 W 0.6% 0.1 TWh
Peru 3.2 W 1.6% 0.9 TWh
Senegal 3.2 W 7.9% 0.5 TWh
New Zealand 3.0 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Belize 2.9 W 1.0% 0.0 TWh
Sri Lanka 2.8 W 3.3% 0.5 TWh
Albania 2.8 W 0.8% 0.1 TWh
Cuba 2.6 W 1.3% 0.3 TWh
Saudi Arabia 2.6 W 0.2% 0.8 TWh
Cambodia 2.5 W 3.0% 0.4 TWh
Lebanon 2.4 W 0.6% 0.1 TWh
Belarus 2.1 W 0.4% 0.2 TWh
Algeria 2.1 W 1.0% 0.8 TWh
Yemen 2.1 W 17.0% 0.6 TWh
Cape Verde 1.9 W 2.2% 0.0 TWh
Philippines 1.8 W 1.6% 1.8 TWh
Russia 1.7 W 0.2% 2.1 TWh
Guatemala 1.5 W 1.6% 0.2 TWh
Guyana 1.4 W 0.8% 0.0 TWh
Colombia 1.3 W 0.7% 0.6 TWh
Fiji 1.2 W 0.9% 0.0 TWh
Kenya 1.0 W 3.6% 0.5 TWh
Iraq 1.0 W 0.3% 0.4 TWh
Malawi 1.0 W 12.0% 0.2 TWh
Zambia 0.9 W 0.8% 0.1 TWh
Bahrain 0.8 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Trinidad & Tobago 0.7 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Burkina Faso 0.6 W 4.3% 0.1 TWh
Laos 0.6 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Azerbaijan 0.6 W 0.2% 0.1 TWh
Rwanda 0.5 W 6.8% 0.1 TWh
Pakistan 0.5 W 0.8% 1.0 TWh
Nicaragua 0.5 W 0.5% 0.0 TWh
Botswana 0.4 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Bangladesh 0.4 W 0.8% 0.6 TWh
Nepal 0.4 W 1.2% 0.1 TWh
Uganda 0.4 W 3.4% 0.1 TWh
Eritrea 0.3 W 2.2% 0.0 TWh
Hong Kong SAR China 0.3 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Myanmar (Burma) 0.3 W 0.6% 0.1 TWh
Zimbabwe 0.3 W 0.4% 0.0 TWh
Togo 0.3 W 1.4% 0.0 TWh
Mozambique 0.2 W 0.4% 0.1 TWh
Afghanistan 0.2 W 1.3% 0.1 TWh
Niger 0.2 W 3.1% 0.1 TWh
Ghana 0.2 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Somalia 0.2 W 7.3% 0.0 TWh
Libya 0.2 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Guinea 0.2 W 0.7% 0.0 TWh
Mali 0.2 W 0.9% 0.0 TWh
Moldova 0.2 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Sierra Leone 0.1 W 4.8% 0.0 TWh
Turkmenistan 0.1 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Tanzania 0.1 W 0.7% 0.1 TWh
South Sudan 0.1 W 1.8% 0.0 TWh
Burundi 0.1 W 2.2% 0.0 TWh
North Korea 0.1 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Benin 0.1 W 1.1% 0.0 TWh
Cameroon 0.1 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Indonesia 0.1 W 0.1% 0.2 TWh
Madagascar 0.1 W 1.0% 0.0 TWh
Sudan 0.1 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Angola 0.1 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Côte d’Ivoire 0.0 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Ethiopia 0.0 W 0.3% 0.0 TWh
Uzbekistan 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Venezuela 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Congo - Kinshasa 0.0 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
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