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6% of global electricity is generated from Solar

5.62 % Share of global electricity
45 gCO2eq/kWh Carbon Intensity

Solar energy is a clean and sustainable form of energy that harnesses the power of the sun. It is one of the most abundant and widely distributed energy sources available on Earth and is a cornerstone of the world's shift toward low-carbon electricity production. This abundant source of power, along with other green energy sources such as wind energy and nuclear power, represents the future of clean and sustainable electricity production.

To generate electricity from solar power, solar panels are utilized to capture sunlight. These panels consist of numerous photovoltaic cells that convert sunlight directly into electricity. When sunlight strikes these cells, it knocks electrons free from their atoms, triggering a flow of electricity. The produced electricity is direct current (DC) and is converted to alternating current (AC) via inverters to be used in domestic and industrial applications.

One of the significant advantages of solar energy is its low carbon intensity. The average carbon intensity of solar power is 45 gCO2eq/kWh, making it an environmentally friendly option for power generation. This is a stark contrast to fossil fuels such as coal and gas, which exhibit significantly higher carbon intensities (820 gCO2eq/kWh and 490 gCO2eq/kWh respectively), contributing to higher carbon emissions. Hence, wider adoption of solar energy along with other low-carbon technologies like wind and nuclear, which have even lower carbon footprints, can play a pivotal role in reducing global carbon emissions.

Solar energy is already making significant contributions to electricity generation across the globe, accounting for 5.62% of all electricity consumed. Particularly noteworthy is its adoption in several countries where it forms a substantial part of electricity generation. In Australia, approximately 18% of electricity is generated from solar. A similar picture is drawn in the Netherlands, where 18% of electricity comes from solar power.

The story continues in other parts of the world too. In Spain, 16% of electricity is generated from solar, while in Chile, this figure is 18%. Finally, Greece stands out with 19% of its electricity generated from solar power. This trend of increasing solar adoption serves as a promising sign for a future powered by clean, sustainable, and low-carbon sources of electricity, including wind and nuclear along with solar.

Country/Region Watts / person % TWh
Australia 209.8 W 18.2% 47.6 TWh
Netherlands 138.1 W 17.6% 21.2 TWh
Cook Islands 134.1 W 40.0% 0.0 TWh
Spain 97.2 W 15.5% 40.4 TWh
Chile 95.0 W 17.9% 16.2 TWh
Greece 94.4 W 18.7% 8.6 TWh
Japan 90.9 W 10.2% 99.2 TWh
United Arab Emirates 76.2 W 4.2% 6.3 TWh
Cyprus 76.0 W 16.2% 0.8 TWh
Germany 75.6 W 11.7% 55.2 TWh
Seychelles 75.0 W 10.8% 0.1 TWh
United States 72.9 W 5.0% 215.3 TWh
New Caledonia 71.4 W 5.4% 0.2 TWh
Belgium 70.7 W 8.8% 7.2 TWh
South Korea 69.4 W 5.3% 31.5 TWh
Denmark 62.3 W 9.8% 3.2 TWh
Republic of China (Taiwan) 61.8 W 4.6% 12.9 TWh
Israel 59.5 W 6.3% 4.6 TWh
Estonia 59.5 W 8.7% 0.7 TWh
EU 55.9 W 8.6% 218.0 TWh
Malta 55.5 W 11.5% 0.3 TWh
Guam 53.5 W 4.4% 0.1 TWh
Hungary 51.7 W 10.4% 4.4 TWh
Bulgaria 51.0 W 7.7% 3.1 TWh
Italy 46.6 W 8.5% 24.2 TWh
Switzerland 46.5 W 7.4% 3.5 TWh
Luxembourg 45.5 W 5.4% 0.3 TWh
People's Republic of China 41.9 W 5.8% 523.4 TWh
Portugal 39.9 W 6.2% 3.6 TWh
Poland 39.4 W 8.4% 13.2 TWh
France 38.1 W 4.5% 21.5 TWh
Oman 37.0 W 3.5% 1.5 TWh
Jordan 35.8 W 15.9% 3.5 TWh
Barbados 32.5 W 7.5% 0.1 TWh
Vietnam 31.6 W 9.7% 26.9 TWh
Canada 30.5 W 1.7% 10.2 TWh
South Africa 30.3 W 7.0% 15.8 TWh
Czechia 30.2 W 3.8% 2.8 TWh
Austria 30.0 W 3.6% 2.3 TWh
Lithuania 26.8 W 4.9% 0.7 TWh
Brazil 25.9 W 7.0% 48.7 TWh
Turkey 25.5 W 6.0% 18.9 TWh
Antigua & Barbuda 24.5 W 5.7% 0.0 TWh
United Kingdom 23.1 W 4.6% 13.6 TWh
The World 23.0 W 5.6% 1594.3 TWh
U.S. Virgin Islands 22.8 W 2.9% 0.0 TWh
El Salvador 19.9 W 13.3% 1.1 TWh
French Guiana 19.5 W 3.8% 0.0 TWh
French Polynesia 18.8 W 7.1% 0.1 TWh
Singapore 18.1 W 1.6% 0.9 TWh
Réunion 17.8 W 4.8% 0.1 TWh
Finland 17.5 W 1.1% 0.9 TWh
Namibia 17.1 W 10.1% 0.4 TWh
Slovenia 17.0 W 2.2% 0.3 TWh
Ukraine 15.7 W 5.3% 6.0 TWh
Sweden 14.2 W 0.8% 1.3 TWh
Honduras 14.2 W 10.7% 1.3 TWh
Mexico 14.1 W 3.9% 15.7 TWh
Mauritius 14.1 W 5.6% 0.2 TWh
Uruguay 13.0 W 3.3% 0.4 TWh
Curaçao 11.7 W 2.2% 0.0 TWh
Kazakhstan 11.2 W 1.7% 1.9 TWh
Panama 11.0 W 3.8% 0.4 TWh
Maldives 10.9 W 7.6% 0.1 TWh
Tonga 10.8 W 12.5% 0.0 TWh
Aruba 10.7 W 1.1% 0.0 TWh
Samoa 10.4 W 11.8% 0.0 TWh
Slovakia 10.2 W 1.6% 0.5 TWh
India 9.7 W 6.6% 119.8 TWh
Puerto Rico 9.5 W 1.5% 0.3 TWh
Romania 8.6 W 2.6% 1.5 TWh
Guadeloupe 8.5 W 1.8% 0.0 TWh
Argentina 8.2 W 2.5% 3.2 TWh
Thailand 8.1 W 2.3% 5.1 TWh
Malaysia 6.8 W 1.1% 2.0 TWh
Morocco 6.6 W 5.4% 2.2 TWh
Jamaica 6.1 W 3.4% 0.1 TWh
Dominican Republic 5.4 W 3.0% 0.5 TWh
Sri Lanka 5.3 W 6.0% 1.0 TWh
Egypt 5.3 W 2.4% 5.0 TWh
New Zealand 4.6 W 0.5% 0.2 TWh
Palestinian Territories 4.4 W 2.8% 0.2 TWh
Suriname 3.7 W 0.7% 0.0 TWh
Armenia 3.7 W 1.2% 0.1 TWh
Vanuatu 3.6 W 14.3% 0.0 TWh
Mauritania 3.5 W 6.7% 0.1 TWh
Bolivia 3.4 W 3.2% 0.4 TWh
Peru 3.3 W 1.6% 1.0 TWh
Croatia 3.2 W 0.6% 0.1 TWh
Senegal 3.2 W 7.9% 0.5 TWh
Belize 2.9 W 1.0% 0.0 TWh
Albania 2.8 W 0.8% 0.1 TWh
Saudi Arabia 2.6 W 0.2% 0.8 TWh
Cuba 2.6 W 1.3% 0.3 TWh
Cambodia 2.5 W 3.0% 0.4 TWh
Lebanon 2.4 W 0.6% 0.1 TWh
Philippines 2.4 W 2.2% 2.4 TWh
Belarus 2.1 W 0.4% 0.2 TWh
Ireland 2.1 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Algeria 2.1 W 1.0% 0.8 TWh
Yemen 2.1 W 17.0% 0.6 TWh
Cape Verde 1.9 W 2.2% 0.0 TWh
Russia 1.7 W 0.2% 2.1 TWh
Guatemala 1.5 W 1.6% 0.2 TWh
Guyana 1.4 W 0.8% 0.0 TWh
Colombia 1.2 W 0.6% 0.6 TWh
Fiji 1.2 W 0.9% 0.0 TWh
Kenya 1.1 W 3.7% 0.5 TWh
Iraq 1.0 W 0.3% 0.4 TWh
Malawi 1.0 W 12.0% 0.2 TWh
Zambia 0.9 W 0.8% 0.1 TWh
Bahrain 0.8 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Burkina Faso 0.6 W 4.3% 0.1 TWh
Laos 0.6 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Azerbaijan 0.6 W 0.2% 0.1 TWh
Pakistan 0.5 W 0.8% 1.0 TWh
Rwanda 0.5 W 6.8% 0.1 TWh
Nicaragua 0.5 W 0.5% 0.0 TWh
Botswana 0.4 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Nepal 0.4 W 1.2% 0.1 TWh
Trinidad & Tobago 0.4 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Bangladesh 0.4 W 0.7% 0.6 TWh
Uganda 0.4 W 3.4% 0.1 TWh
Eritrea 0.3 W 2.2% 0.0 TWh
Hong Kong SAR China 0.3 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Myanmar (Burma) 0.3 W 0.6% 0.1 TWh
Zimbabwe 0.3 W 0.4% 0.0 TWh
Togo 0.3 W 1.4% 0.0 TWh
Mozambique 0.2 W 0.4% 0.1 TWh
Afghanistan 0.2 W 1.3% 0.1 TWh
Niger 0.2 W 3.1% 0.1 TWh
Ghana 0.2 W 0.3% 0.1 TWh
Somalia 0.2 W 7.3% 0.0 TWh
Libya 0.2 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Guinea 0.2 W 0.7% 0.0 TWh
Mali 0.2 W 0.9% 0.0 TWh
Moldova 0.2 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Sierra Leone 0.1 W 4.8% 0.0 TWh
Turkmenistan 0.1 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Tanzania 0.1 W 0.7% 0.1 TWh
South Sudan 0.1 W 1.8% 0.0 TWh
Burundi 0.1 W 2.2% 0.0 TWh
North Korea 0.1 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Benin 0.1 W 1.1% 0.0 TWh
Cameroon 0.1 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Indonesia 0.1 W 0.1% 0.2 TWh
Madagascar 0.1 W 1.0% 0.0 TWh
Sudan 0.1 W 0.2% 0.0 TWh
Angola 0.1 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Côte d’Ivoire 0.0 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Ethiopia 0.0 W 0.3% 0.0 TWh
Uzbekistan 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
Congo - Kinshasa 0.0 W 0.1% 0.0 TWh
Venezuela 0.0 W 0.0% 0.0 TWh
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