Over the past year, electricity consumption in Armenia has primarily been divided into two categories: low-carbon energy and fossil energy. Low-carbon energy, which includes nuclear and hydropower, produced approximately 6 TWh. Nuclear energy contributed a little less than half of this total, while hydropower was responsible for more than a third. In another category, all 3.18 TWh of fossil energy came from gas. When compared to the global average electricity consumption of 410 watts/person, Armenia's level of electricity generation seems relatively low. This lower level of electricity generation could potentially limit Armenia's growth and development since sufficient electricity supply is crucial for both industries and households.
To increase their low-carbon electricity generation, Armenia could consider expanding their existing nuclear energy facilities. Countries like France and South Korea have shown substantial results by focusing on nuclear power, generating 319 TWh and 174 TWh respectively. Furthermore, wind and solar power could also play a significant role in Armenia’s energy portfolio. Reflections can be drawn from Germany and India who have succeeded with wind and solar, as well as Brazil with both wind and nuclear generation. It's worth exploring the feasibility of implementing these technologies similar to the efforts of these countries.
The history of low-carbon electricity in Armenia is marked with significant changes and fluctuations. In the early 1990s, Armenia saw an increase in hydroelectric power generation with 1.5 TWh in 1992 and 1.2 TWh in 1993. However, the subsequent years were characterised by a decline in hydroelectric power, and an increase in nuclear power generation, which went from 0.3 TWh in 1995 to 2 TWh in 1996. However, towards the end of the 20th century, there were fluctuations in nuclear energy, with a notable decline of 0.7 TWh in 1997. The first decades of the 21st century saw incremental progress in hydro energy, but again, nuclear energy experienced declines in 2016 and 2018. As we move forward, with the need for greener and more sustainable energy sources, there is a pressing need for Armenia to stabilize and increase its low-carbon electricity generation.