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Electricity in Philippines in 2023

Global Ranking: #144
21.6% #125 Low-carbon electricity
51.68 % #31 Electrification
118.54 watts #149 Generation / person
599.41 gCO2eq/kWh #173 Carbon Intensity

As of 2023, the Philippines' electricity consumption is predominantly reliant on fossil fuels, with fossil energy sources like coal contributing more than three-quarters of the total electricity generation at 92.65 TWh, which includes coal at 73.23 TWh. The remaining electricity comes from low-carbon sources, totaling about 25.6 TWh. This includes geothermal (11.67 TWh), hydropower (9.08 TWh), solar (2.23 TWh), wind (1.51 TWh), and biofuels (1.11 TWh). Comparing this to the global average of 425 watts/person, the Philippines' per capita electricity consumption is significantly lower, leading to potential issues such as limited economic growth, restricted industrial activity, and challenges in improving the population’s living standards. Moreover, the heavy reliance on fossil energy exacerbates environmental issues such as climate change and air pollution.

Suggestions

To enhance its low-carbon electricity generation, the Philippines can draw lessons from countries that have successfully embraced green energy. For instance, the Philippines can look to India, which has significantly increased its solar energy capacity to 113 TWh, illustrating a viable path for a nation in a similar geographical and economic context. Additionally, transitioning more robustly to wind energy, as seen in the success of Brazil generating 96 TWh from wind, could be instrumental. Emulating these growth strategies in solar and wind, alongside a strong push for nuclear, as demonstrated by South Korea's 180 TWh from nuclear, can provide the Philippines with a balanced and sustainable energy mix, thereby reducing dependence on fossil fuels and mitigating climate change impacts.

History

The history of low-carbon electricity generation in the Philippines shows a mixed trajectory, especially in hydropower and geothermal energy. In the late 1990s, a significant boost was observed with increments in geothermal energy generation in 1998 (1.7 TWh) and 1999 (1.7 TWh). However, fluctuations were notable in subsequent years, with substantial declines in hydroelectric power in years such as 1991 (-0.9 TWh) and 2007 (-1.4 TWh). A positive shift came post-2010s with consistent increases, including a major rise in solar energy by 1 TWh in 2016 and another significant increment in hydroelectric power by 2 TWh in 2021. Encouraging these upward trends in low-carbon energy and learning from global leaders can steer the Philippines towards a more sustained and green energy future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1978 to 1989 the data source is World Bank.
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2004 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2005 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2023 the data source is Ember.
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