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Electricity in Angola in 2022

Global Ranking: #82
75.0% #35 Low-carbon electricity
56.05 watts #170 Generation / person
165.93 gCO2eq/kWh #33 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Angola generated approximately 17 terawatt-hours (TWh) of electricity. Of this total, more than two-thirds came from low-carbon sources such as hydropower, which alone contributed almost 13 TWh. On the other hand, fossil energy sources, primarily gas, accounted for around 4 TWh. When compared to the global average electricity consumption of 425 watts per person, Angola significantly lags behind. This low level of electricity generation can limit economic development, reduce the quality of life, and restrict access to education and healthcare facilities.

Suggestions

To increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Angola could take inspiration from countries that have effectively harnessed various clean energy sources. For instance, the People's Republic of China and the United States have made remarkable strides in wind and solar power, generating hundreds of TWh annually. Given Angola's geographic and climatic conditions, similar investments in wind and solar energy could yield substantial returns. Additionally, the example of Brazil, which generates almost 100 TWh from wind energy, could serve as a model for Angola, considering their shared geographical and developmental features.

History

The history of low-carbon electricity in Angola, particularly hydropower, shows a gradual increase over the past few decades. In the early 1990s, hydropower generation was minimal, with increments of just 0.1 TWh annually. Significant growth began in the early 2010s, with notable increases like 1.5 TWh in 2012 and 2.7 TWh in 2018. This steady incline demonstrates Angola's commitment to expanding its clean energy infrastructure. However, to further accelerate the transition to low-carbon energy, Angola needs to diversify its energy portfolio by integrating more solar and wind power, just like successful countries have demonstrated.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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