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Electricity in Egypt in 2022

Global Ranking: #121
11.2% #152 Low-carbon electricity
217.41 watts #124 Generation / person
475.10 gCO2eq/kWh #120 Carbon Intensity
None Electricity imports

Egypt's electricity consumption for the year 2022 currently stands at 217.41 watts per person, which is noticeably below the global average of 412 watts per person. The significant share of this consumption, about 193.01 watts per person, is derived from fossil energy, primarily gas, which contributes to 144.07 watts per person. In contrast, the contribution of low-carbon electricity sources is quite minor, constituting only 24.4 watts per person. This low-carbon generation consists of hydropower, solar, and wind energy, generating 14.7, 5.28, and 4.42 watts per person respectively. The comparatively low levels of electricity generation might limit the advancement of technological and industrial processes in Egypt, and the high dependence on fossil fuels could also contribute towards environmental concerns. Furthermore, Egypt neither imports nor exports electricity to or from other countries or regions.


For Egypt to increase its low-carbon electricity generation, it can take cues from other countries with successful energy models. Several nations have capitalized on nuclear power as a significant low-carbon energy source. For example, Sweden and France have managed to generate a staggering 559 and 526 watts per person from nuclear energy respectively. These numbers far exceed Egypt's total electricity consumption, demonstrating the transformative potential of nuclear energy. While Egypt's geological and socio-economic conditions may not entirely mirror these European nations, it can still adopt the core principles of their energy strategies. Moreover, Egypt can also enhance its wind and solar energy generation. Countries such as Denmark and Sweden produce close to 369 and 363 watts per person from wind energy respectively. Additionally, Australia has capitalized on its sunny climate to generate an impressive 147 watts per person from solar energy.


Understanding Egypt's history of low-carbon electricity development provides critical context for its future energy plans. Since the mid-1980s, the country's primary low-carbon electricity source has been hydropower. However, electricity generation from hydro sources has experienced a rather inconsistent trend, with fluctuations in output observed across decades, with occurrences of both upswings and downswings. In particular, production dropped in 1985, but saw gradual increases in the late eighties and throughout the nineties. A notable decline in hydropower generation was observed in the early 2000s, which appears to have partially recovered in more recent years. Interestingly, over the past decade, Egypt has started to diversify its low-carbon electricity sources, with the introduction of solar and wind energy. Specifically, since 2015, there has been significant growth in these sectors, with solar energy production increasing notably in 2018 and 2019. This diversification represents a positive step towards sustainable and resilient electricity generation and provides a promising outlook for Egypt's low-carbon energy future.

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1984 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1985 to 1989 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 2009 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 2010 to 2022 the data source is Ember.