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Electricity in Mali in 2022

Global Ranking: #100
37.9% #86 Low-carbon electricity
20.48 watts #189 Generation / person
408.40 gCO2eq/kWh #100 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Mali’s electricity consumption was primarily driven by fossil fuels, accounting for more than half of the total (2.26 TWh). Low-carbon sources, predominantly hydropower, generated almost a third (1.4 TWh) of the total electricity, supplemented by a smaller contribution from biofuels and a negligible amount from solar power. Overall, the country’s total electricity generation stands at 3.75 TWh, which translates to a mere 19 watts per person. This is significantly lower than the global average of 425 watts per person. Such low levels of electricity generation can hinder economic development, limit access to essential services, and exacerbate poverty by stifling industrial growth and technological advancements.


Mali can draw lessons from other countries to enhance its low-carbon electricity generation. For instance, India has made substantial strides in solar power, generating 113 TWh, and wind power, which contributed 82 TWh. These figures are reflective of comprehensive national policies that support the development and deployment of clean technologies. Similarly, Brazil, with its 96 TWh from wind power, exemplifies successful integration of green energy into the national grid. By adopting strategic plans that emphasize the expansion of solar and wind farms, and potentially exploring long-term nuclear solutions as demonstrated by the United States (775 TWh from nuclear) and South Korea (180 TWh from nuclear), Mali can significantly augment its clean energy portfolio and move toward sustainable development.


Historically, Mali's low-carbon electricity generation has primarily relied on hydropower, with sporadic increments over the years. In the early 2000s, there was minimal activity, but from 2005 onwards, hydro generation saw variable growth with notable increases in 2005 (0.2 TWh), 2010 (0.4 TWh), 2016 (0.4 TWh), and 2022 (0.4 TWh). However, there were periods of declines, such as in 2013 (-0.1 TWh), 2015 (-0.3 TWh), 2018 (-0.1 TWh), and 2019 (-0.4 TWh), indicating an inconsistent expansion of this resource. The solitary increase in solar power recorded was negligible, beginning only in 2010 and remaining stagnant since then. This historical pattern underscores the need for a more robust and diversified investment in clean energy solutions, particularly in solar and potentially nuclear electricity, to ensure sustainable growth and increased reliability of electricity supply.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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