Electricity consumption in Qatar is almost entirely dominated by fossil fuels, specifically gas, which accounts for almost 100% of the country's consumption. The contribution of low-carbon energy sources is extremely low, with biofuels making up a meagre 0.07% and solar a negligible 0.02% of electricity production. Qatar's energy generation is highly self-dependent, with no import or export of electricity to and from other regions.
Despite its current dependence on fossil fuels, Qatar can incrementalize its low-carbon electricity generation by following the footsteps of numerous successful nations. Countries producing a significant portion of their electricity from low-carbon means most commonly use nuclear, wind, and solar energy sources. France, Slovakia, and Ukraine, for instance, generate over half of their electricity from nuclear energy, seen as a clean and efficient power source. Alternatively, Qatar could tap into its abundant sunlight for solar energy, taking cues from countries like Chile and Yemen which generate around 17% of their electricity from solar power. Wind energy could also be a viable option, as seen in Denmark and Ireland, where wind accounts for around 33% and 52% of electricity generation respectively.
The history of low-carbon electricity in Qatar is of recent origin, with biofuels being introduced as early as 2011. However, the percentage change in its generation has remained relatively constant over the past decade. Solar generation, despite being present since 2011, remained stagnant. Notably, in 2014, biofuel production suffered a minor setback, with a slight reduction in generation, after which it steadily maintained its position in the following years. With the current state of low-carbon energy generation, it is apparent that a significant push towards cleaner and sustainable energy sources is necessary for Qatar's energy production paradigm.