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Electricity in Cyprus in 2023

Global Ranking: #78
21.1% #128 Low-carbon electricity
470.18 watts #82 Generation / person
522.54 gCO2eq/kWh #149 Carbon Intensity

In Cyprus, the current state of electricity consumption heavily relies on fossil energy, with oil contributing to almost 79% of the country's electricity production. The use of low-carbon energy sources lags significantly behind, comprising only a little over 21% of the power production. Among these, solar energy leads the way, contributing around 16% to the total power production while wind energy lags at a bit over 4%. Despite such statistics, it's essential to acknowledge the efforts toward sustainability seen in the increased use of low-carbon energy sources.


Cyprus can take further strides towards clean, sustainable electricity by increasing its investment in low-carbon technology, primarily solar and wind energy. The substantial contribution of solar power to the nation's electricity generation underscores its potential for further expansion. Cyprus can also approach wind energy more aggressively, taking cues from countries like Denmark, where wind energy makes up nearly 60% of the electricity production, or Ireland, where it accounts for 35%. The key is in learning and adopting the successful strategies of these nations like investing in advanced wind technology or developing policies that encourage the growth of low-carbon technologies.


The history of low-carbon electricity in Cyprus is a slow yet steady journey towards sustainability. Wind energy made a modest entrance in 2010 and saw minor increases in 2011 and 2012, but unfortunately, it stagnated and even slightly declined in 2014. Solar energy, on the other hand, began contributing to the electricity production in 2013 and has shown gradual but consistent growth since 2015, showing increased potential over the years. The continual growth of solar energy, despite minor setbacks, demonstrates how Cyprus has begun harnessing low-carbon energies, taking tentative steps towards a greener future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1984 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1985 to 1999 the data source is Energy Institute.
For the years 2000 to 2003 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2004 to 2009 the data source is Energy Institute.
For the years 2010 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2023 the data source is IEA.
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