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Electricity in Cape Verde in 2021

Global Ranking: #148
15.6% #141 Low-carbon electricity
87.37 watts #158 Generation / person
555.58 gCO2eq/kWh #162 Carbon Intensity

In 2021, Cape Verde's electricity consumption was considerably lower than the global average of 410 watts per person. This low level of electricity generation can result in several challenges. Firstly, it may limit economic growth, as electricity is critical for business operations and development. Secondly, a low level of electricity generation can prevent the provision of adequate health care, as hospitals and clinics rely heavily on electricity. Finally, educational institutions may not be equipped with necessary tools and resources, which depend on electricity. Currently, the energy mix of Cape Verde is dominated by fossil energies, which contribute to climate change and air pollution.


One promising way for Cape Verde to increase its low-carbon energy consumption is by further expanding its wind energy infrastructure. Countries such as Brazil and Spain, which generate more than 90 TWh and 60 TWh respectively from wind, provide good examples of how wind energy infrastructure can be developed and managed effectively, given Cape Verde's similar climatic conditions. Furthermore, Cape Verde could learn from the success of nuclear energy in countries such as the United States and France. Although Cape Verde currently does not have nuclear power infrastructure, it could potentially explore this low-carbon energy source as part of its long-term strategy to diversify its energy mix and reduce its reliance on fossil energies.


Historically, the advancement of low-carbon energy in Cape Verde has been somewhat stagnant. From the year 2000 until 2001, there was no growth in wind energy generation. This trend continued throughout the 2000s and into the 2010s, with wind energy production remaining at a standstill until 2020. Solar energy generation also echoed this pattern, with no development between its introduction in 2011 and the year 2020. This history suggests a lack of emphasis on the development of low-carbon energy sources. It is critical for the future of the country's energy sector and environmental health that Cape Verde explores options for the expansion of clean, sustainable energy generation, such as wind and nuclear power.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the year 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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