LowCarbonPower logo
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)

Electricity in Libya in 2021

Global Ranking: #187
0.0% #190 Low-carbon electricity
565.58 watts #62 Generation / person
492.11 gCO2eq/kWh #138 Carbon Intensity

As of 2021, Libya's electricity consumption is heavily dominated by fossil fuels, primarily gas, which accounts for nearly 93% of the energy used. The remaining 3% is covered by imports, with a high percentage being from fossil sources. The reliance on gas is almost total, making up all but a fraction of the fossil energy used. Despite the global push towards cleaner, low-carbon energy sources in recent decades, it appears that Libya has yet to make significant progress in this arena, with practically no electricity generation reported from low-carbon sources.


Looking at the successes of other countries, there is a clear indication that Libya could benefit from embracing a wider diversity of energy mix. Nuclear power, for instance, features heavily in the power generation profiles of many countries, particularly France, Slovakia, Ukraine, and Switzerland, where it accounts for well above half of their respective electricity generation. Denmark and Ireland have made solid strides in harnessing wind energy, with Denmark boasting a staggering 59% of power produced by wind farms. Furthermore, considering Libya's climate and geographical position, the country could potentially follow in the footsteps of Greece, Australia, and Chile, who have managed to generate substantial amounts of electricity from solar power, benefiting from a similar sun-rich environment.


However, looking back at Libya's history of low-carbon electricity generation, it barely exists. Data from the last two decades shows no evidence of solar power generation, with all numbers from 2004 through 2021 reporting a zero change in electricity produced from this source. It begs an urgent need for a change in paradigm if Libya is to take steps towards greener, sustainable, and cleaner sources of energy. Public policy push, infrastructural development and legislative support play a vital role in making this transition. The journey towards low-carbon energy usage needs to begin soon in order to ensure a more environmentally friendly future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1994 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1995 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2003 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2004 to 2009 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2010 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)