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Electricity in Libya in 2022

Global Ranking: #195
0.0% #194 Low-carbon electricity
527.62 watts #73 Generation / person
534.59 gCO2eq/kWh #152 Carbon Intensity

In the year 2022, Libya's electricity consumption was predominantly reliant on fossil energy, with fossil fuels accounting for nearly all of the electricity produced—a staggering 97%. Specifically, natural gas was the primary source of fossil energy, contributing to 69% of the total electricity generation. Net imports were notably low, contributing just under 3% of the total. These figures emphasize Libya's significant dependence on high-carbon sources for electricity, leaving close to no room for low-carbon or clean energy solutions.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Libya can look towards countries that have successfully implemented sustainable energy strategies. For instance, France, Slovakia, and Ukraine have achieved more than half of their electricity generation from nuclear energy, showcasing the potential of nuclear power in diversifying and stabilizing the energy mix. Additionally, countries like Denmark and Uruguay have excelled in harnessing wind power, generating over 50% and 35% of their electricity, respectively. Yemen, geographically closer to Libya, has managed to generate 20% of its electricity from solar energy, suggesting that solar power could also be a viable option for Libya given its high solar irradiance.


Libya's history in low-carbon electricity generation, especially solar energy, shows a complete lack of development. From 2004 to 2022, no significant solar energy generation was recorded, with zero change in electricity production from solar each year. This 18-year stagnation highlights that while Libya has the potential to embrace low-carbon energy sources, there has been no notable progress. This underscores an urgent need to initiate and invest in low-carbon technologies such as solar, wind, and nuclear energy to mitigate climate change and reduce air pollution from fossil fuels.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1994 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1995 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2003 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2004 to 2009 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2010 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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