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Electricity in Singapore in 2022

Global Ranking: #120
2.5% #176 Low-carbon electricity
1052.96 watts #20 Generation / person
487.23 gCO2eq/kWh #129 Carbon Intensity

In the year 2022, Singapore's electricity consumption relies heavily on fossil fuels. A significant 97.48% of the electricity comes from this source, with gas power standing at 93.27%, a figure that underlines its dominance within the fossil category. As for low-carbon energy sources, they merely account for 2.52% of the power generated in the city-state. Within the low-carbon energy category, solar was the most harnessed, representing 1.72% of power generation, a relatively small percentage, but the lion's share within the group nonetheless.


Given its limited traction in Singapore, there's a noticeable opportunity to expand the usage of low-carbon energy sources. Analysis of similar power scenarios in other countries unveils some pointers in this regard. Countries such as France, Slovakia, and Ukraine have turned to nuclear energy and it accounts for 66%, 61%, and 58% of their electricity production respectively. Considering its successful implementation in these countries, Singapore could consider adopting nuclear technology to drastically increase its low-carbon energy percentage. Other countries have capitalized on wind and solar energy to meet their electricity needs, like Denmark with 59% wind electricity and Australia with 18% solar electricity. Depending on feasibility and potential environmental impact, Singapore could follow in the footsteps of these countries to diversify its low-carbon electricity production.


Looking back at the history of low-carbon electricity in Singapore, there was a slow and steady increase in its generation over the years. The contribution of biofuels started back in 1986 with a minimal 0.1 TWh and over time, rose gradually to peak at 0.2 TWh in the early 1990s and again in 2019. Solar energy, however, started making a mark much later in 2012 and it has seen a steady increase in its generation since then. The comparison between 2012 and 2022 shows an encouraging trend for clean energy in Singapore, with solar contribution increasing and showing a positive growth in the past decade. In spite of these milestones, it's important to maintain that the current reliance on fossil fuels is high and there's much more to do in the journey towards a sustainable, low-carbon electricity generation.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1984 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the year 1985 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1986 to 1991 the data source is Energy Institute.
For the years 1992 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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