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Electricity in Côte d’Ivoire in 2022

Global Ranking: #96
31.0% #108 Low-carbon electricity
46.20 watts #176 Generation / person
347.24 gCO2eq/kWh #83 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Côte d’Ivoire's total electricity consumption was primarily driven by fossil fuels. Gas, accounting for almost all fossil fuel consumption, totaled about 7.7 TWh. On the low-carbon side, about 3.5 TWh was generated, with almost all of it coming from hydropower. Therefore, more than twice as much electricity came from fossil fuels compared to clean energy. Comparing this to the global average electricity consumption of 432 watts per person, Côte d’Ivoire lags significantly behind. This shortfall in low-carbon electricity generation can lead to increased dependence on imported fossil fuels, higher greenhouse gas emissions, and adverse impacts on public health due to air pollution.


To increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Côte d’Ivoire can look to successful models from around the world. China has seen great success in both wind and solar energy, generating 886 TWh and 584 TWh respectively. The United States has leveraged nuclear energy to achieve a substantial 775 TWh. Closer to Côte d’Ivoire in economic and developmental context, Brazil has been able to generate 96 TWh from wind power, showing that significant gains in low-carbon electricity can be achieved with effective policies and investments. By adopting similar strategies focusing on a mix of nuclear, wind, and solar energy, Côte d’Ivoire can significantly increase its clean energy output, providing greener and more sustainable electricity for its population.


Historically, Côte d’Ivoire has seen fluctuations in its low-carbon electricity generation, primarily from hydropower. In the early 1980s, there were both increases and decreases, with a notable drop of 0.6 TWh in 1983 and a recovery of 0.9 TWh in 1985. The 1990s continued this pattern with an increase of 0.6 TWh in 1995 followed by a dip of 0.5 TWh in 1998. The early 21st century saw smaller fluctuations, including a modest increase of 0.3 TWh in 2007 and a slight drop of 0.5 TWh in 2010. In more recent years, there was a consistent rise, particularly with a 0.9 TWh increase in 2018 and a further 0.7 TWh rise in 2022. These variations underscore the need for more stable and diversified low-carbon electricity sources to ensure a reliable and sustainable energy supply for the nation.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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