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Electricity in Botswana in 2022

Global Ranking: #188
0.2% #190 Low-carbon electricity
38.46 % #83 Electrification
189.20 watts #132 Generation / person
660.34 gCO2eq/kWh #212 Carbon Intensity

As of 2022, Botswana's electricity consumption comprised mainly of fossil energy, with coal contributing more than 2.5 TWh and overall fossil sources totaling almost 2.6 TWh. Clean energy production in the country remained close to none. Additionally, Botswana imported about 1.7 TWh of electricity to meet its needs. When we look at the per capita electricity consumption, Botswana's rate was significantly lower than the global average of 432 watts per person. Low levels of electricity generation can hamper economic growth, limit access to modern technologies, and impede efforts to improve living standards.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Botswana can learn from successful countries that have significantly ramped up clean energy production. For instance, the People's Republic of China has excelled in wind and solar power, generating 886 TWh and 584 TWh respectively. Similarly, the United States has leveraged nuclear energy extensively, contributing 775 TWh from this source. Botswana can look towards countries like India that have successfully generated considerable amounts of electricity from solar sources, hitting 113 TWh. By investing in wind, solar, and nuclear energy, Botswana can diversify its energy mix, reduce its dependency on fossil fuels, and mitigate the impacts of climate change and air pollution.


Historically, Botswana has seen no significant changes in low-carbon electricity generation. From 2012 to 2022, the country's solar electricity production recorded no growth, remaining at zero TWh throughout the decade. This stagnation underscores the need for a robust and proactive strategy to shift towards cleaner energy sources. Given the pressing global need to reduce carbon emissions, it is crucial for Botswana to start investing in and fostering the development of sustainable energy options without further delay. By doing so, the nation can not only meet its own energy demands sustainably but also contribute to the global fight against climate change.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the year 1980 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1981 to 1989 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2011 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2012 to 2017 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2018 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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