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Electricity in Guinea in 2022

Global Ranking: #95
66.4% #47 Low-carbon electricity
25.65 watts #184 Generation / person
235.86 gCO2eq/kWh #53 Carbon Intensity

As of 2022, Guinea's electricity consumption is heavily reliant on low-carbon energy, especially hydropower, which makes up close to all of the 2 TWh generated from low-carbon sources. Alongside this, fossil energy accounts for just a little over 1 TWh. In total, Guinea's electricity generation stands at approximately 3 TWh. Given a population of around 13.5 million, this translates to about 250 watts per person, significantly below the global average of 425 watts per person. The limited electricity generation can restrict economic growth, impair development, and hinder essential services, highlighting the urgent need for increased electricity availability in Guinea.

Suggestions

To bolster low-carbon electricity generation, Guinea can draw lessons from countries that have successfully harnessed a variety of clean energy sources. For instance, Brazil's notable achievements in wind energy, generating 96 TWh, and India's combined efforts in both wind (82 TWh) and solar (113 TWh) hold valuable insights for Guinea. Additionally, leveraging solar energy could be highly beneficial, as demonstrated by China and India, with their substantial solar power outputs of 584 TWh and 113 TWh respectively. Emulating these practices could not only improve Guinea's electricity supply but also provide a sustainable and clean energy future, reducing dependence on fossil fuels with their associated environmental drawbacks.

History

The history of low-carbon electricity in Guinea predominantly revolves around hydropower. The early years in the 1980s and 1990s saw modest yet steady increments of 0.1 TWh in 1983, 1997, and 1999. Moving into the 2000s, the trajectory became more fluctuating, with some years witnessing declines, such as 2003 and 2005. The period from 2015 onwards marked a phase of significant growth, with notable increases, including a substantial surge of 1.2 TWh in 2020. However, occasional setbacks like the 0.5 TWh decline in 2018 and 2021 indicate the challenges faced in maintaining consistent growth. This historical perspective underscores the importance of strategic planning and investment to ensure sustainable and steady progress in low-carbon electricity generation in Guinea.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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