For 2021, energy consumption from low-carbon sources in Guinea equates to about 2.02 TWh, with practically all this electricity deriving from hydropower. Despite this, the per capita consumption in Guinea is dramatically low in comparison to global averages. Against a global average of about 410 watts per person, it's clear that Guinea has a dearth of electricity supply which invariably hinders socio-economic growth, lessens the quality of life, and cripples industrious opportunities.
To substantially enhance its low-carbon electricity generation, Guinea could glean insights from countries that have excelled in this area. Brazil, renowned for its wind energy generation, offers a compelling case study. Their wind energy production is at approximately 94 TWh—a distinctly higher figure that Guinea might aspire towards, given their similar geographical and climatic conditions. Further, China's impressive solar production, tallying up to about 531 TWh, can serve as an inspiration for solar expansion—provided that Guinea has the requisite sun exposure levels for efficient production.
Looking at the history of low-carbon electricity in Guinea, one can observe fluctuations in hydropower generation from the late 1990s through to 2021. In the late 90s and early 2000s, there were minor increases in hydropower generation, typically around 0.1 TWh per year. There was a brief downturn in 2003 where hydropower production dropped by 0.2 TWh, however, this was counterbalanced by an equal increase the following year. Between 2005 and 2014, the changes were marginal noted by slight decreases and increases around zero. The largest surge in hydropower generation appeared subsequently, reported in 2015 with a 0.5 TWh rise, which was maintained with minor fluctuations until 2021. This represents a sea change in Guinea’s commitment to hydropower production, a trend that will hopefully extend into the future, supplemented by further expansion into wind and solar power.