In terms of electricity consumption for 2022, Oman's dependency on fossil fuels is quite significant. More precisely, almost all its electricity or 99.57% is generated from fossil fuels, specifically gas. As for low-carbon sources, they account for a meager 0.43% of the total electricity produced, with solar being the only contributor in this low-carbon category. It's important to note, Oman neither imports nor exports electricity from or to other countries or regions, making it completely self-reliant when it comes to electricity generation.
Drawing inspiration from countries successfully utilizing low-carbon energy sources, Oman can look into increasing low-carbon electricity generation. Countries like France, Ukraine, and Slovakia, for example, have successfully utilized nuclear energy to produce a large proportion of their electricity. Similarly, wind energy has been extensively used by Denmark and the United Kingdom with considerable success. On a more regional scale, Jordan and Yemen are furthering solar energy generation, a method compatible with Oman's climate and positioning.
Looking at Oman's history of low-carbon electricity generation, the involvement of solar energy can be traced back to 2020. It was in this year that Oman observed a positive change as solar electricity generation saw an increment of 0.2 TWh. Also, wind energy started contributing that year with an extra 0.1 TWh in electricity generation. However, the progress seems to have stagnated in 2021, with no increase recorded in generation from either solar or wind energy. In 2022, solar electricity even experienced a slight dip of 0.1 TWh, marking a declining trend. This calls for a stronger emphasis on adopting and promoting low-carbon energy alternatives in Oman.