LowCarbonPower logo
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)

Electricity in Netherlands in 2023

Global Ranking: #26
51.4% #68 Low-carbon electricity
769.72 watts #37 Generation / person
292.13 gCO2eq/kWh #65 Carbon Intensity

Currently, in the Netherlands for the year 2023, slightly more than half of the electricity is generated from low-carbon energy sources, while almost the same percentage is produced from fossil fuels. Gas is the leading source of energy contributing around 38%, narrowly surpassing the combined 24.7% from wind and 16.8% from solar energy. Coal contributes a smaller portion of 8.7%, while biofuels and nuclear energy form a minor portion of the mix at 6.1% and 3.1% respectively.


Existing successful strategies from different countries can provide useful insights to guide Netherlands in increasing low-carbon electricity generation. Considering wind energy, where Denmark stands out with 59% of its electricity generated from this source, Netherlands can further expand its wind power capabilities, which already generate approximately a quarter of their electricity. Moreover, solar power, responsible for almost a sixth of Netherlands' electricity, also holds potential for expansion. In terms of nuclear energy, Netherlands can draw inspiration from France, Slovakia, and Ukraine, who manage to generate 66%, 61%, and 58% of their electricity respectively from this low-carbon source.


Historically, the Netherlands has shown a fluctuating but generally positive progression in the generation of low-carbon electricity. In the late 1990s, nuclear energy saw a minor setback before rebounding. Biofuels presented some increase in the mid-2000s, but also demonstrated some instability. From the mid-2010s, however, there's been a significant acceleration in low-carbon tech. Wind power, in particular, has been on the rise since 2015, with the largest annual increase of 3.8 TWh in 2020 followed by another strong rise in 2023. Solar energy has also followed a similar trend since 2018, peaking with a substantial increase of 6.2 TWh in 2022. Nevertheless, throughout the years, biofuels have been somewhat volatile, and nuclear energy, although not seeing any notable declines, hasn't risen significantly since the modest boom in 2014.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1975 to 1984 the data sources are World Bank and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1985 to 1989 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 2019 the data source is IEA.
For the year 2020 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 2021 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2023 the data source is Ember.
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)