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Electricity in Benin in 2022

Global Ranking: #194
1.1% #185 Low-carbon electricity
9.05 % #118 Electrification
15.99 watts #195 Generation / person
479.27 gCO2eq/kWh #130 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Benin's electricity consumption predominantly relied on fossil fuels, with 1.11 TWh generated from this source. The amount of clean or low-carbon energy, including hydro, biofuels, and solar, was close to none, making the country's electricity generation heavily dependent on fossil energy. This situation stands in stark contrast to the global average electricity usage of about 425 watts per person. Benin's reliance on fossil fuels not only contributes to climate change and air pollution but also limits the country's energy security and economic development due to potential price fluctuations and supply interruptions.


To bolster low-carbon electricity generation, Benin should look to successful examples from other countries. China is a global leader in both wind and solar energy, producing 886 TWh and 584 TWh respectively, demonstrating the potential for large-scale clean energy projects. Additionally, countries like Brazil and India have made significant strides with wind energy, generating 96 TWh and 82 TWh respectively. By investing in similar technologies and leveraging local resources such as abundant sunshine and wind potential, Benin can transition to a more sustainable energy mix. Learning from these countries, especially those with similar geographical and economic characteristics, can help Benin design and implement effective clean energy policies and projects.


The history of low-carbon electricity generation in Benin shows a stagnant landscape up until recent years. From 1997 to 2005, there was no increase in hydroelectric generation. Similarly, biofuels saw no growth from 2006 to 2010. It was only in 2015 that both solar and hydro made a nominal appearance, although these contributions remained inadequate through to 2021. This stagnant history highlights an urgent need for policy change and investment in sustainable sources. By focusing on expanding solar and wind capacities along with exploring nuclear options, Benin can set a new trajectory towards a greener future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1990 to 2010 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2011 to 2014 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2015 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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