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Electricity in Mauritania in 2021

Global Ranking: #150
24.0% #120 Low-carbon electricity
51.45 watts #172 Generation / person
481.39 gCO2eq/kWh #129 Carbon Intensity

In 2021, Mauritania's electricity consumption was exclusively powered by fossil energy, with a total production of 1.38 TWh. This is significantly lower compared to the global per capita average of 410 watts. This narrow energy base can pose challenges; Mauritanians likely face regular power outages, higher electricity costs, and less reliable services. Moreover, this heavy reliance on fossil fuel for electricity generation also contributes to air pollution and carbon emissions, exacerbating the global climate crisis.


Mauritania could potentially develop its low-carbon electricity generation by drawing inspiration from other countries. Considering Mauritania's climate and geography, wind and solar power could be viable options. For instance, countries like China and the United States have demonstrated massive utilization of wind and solar energy, generating 964 TWh and 425 TWh respectively from wind, and 523 TWh and 215 TWh respectively from solar energy. Moreover, countries with similar climatic conditions like India and Brazil have also harnessed their wind and solar potential, generating substantial amounts of clean electricity. Mauritania could therefore substantially boost its low-carbon energy portfolio by investing in wind and solar power technologies, establishing relevant policies and infrastructure for these sectors.


Looking at the history of low-carbon electricity in Mauritania, the country has made a slow start. The new millennium saw almost no changes in low-carbon electricity generation, with the hydro power system not recording any noticeable increase until 2009. The adoption of wind and solar was also slow, with these energy sources only being introduced in 2013 and their usage remaining minimal in the subsequent years. The biggest stride Mauritania made in its green energy history was in 2018 with a subtle increment in solar energy generation. However, the country has not made any significant leaps in expanding its clean energy sector since.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1982 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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