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Electricity in Austria in 2023

Global Ranking: #11
86.0% #21 Low-carbon electricity
46.51 % #51 Electrification
823.94 watts #33 Generation / person
92.76 gCO2eq/kWh #19 Carbon Intensity

Austria has made significant strides in clean electricity consumption, obtaining more than 86% of its electricity from low-carbon sources in 2023. Hydropower dominates this category, providing 66% of the electricity, followed by wind power at nearly 13%. Solar and biofuels each contribute around 4%, demonstrating a commitment to diverse low-carbon energy sources. However, the nation still relies on fossil fuel-based electricity, predominantly from gas, which accounts for about 10%. The remaining 4% comes from net imports, which could include either clean or fossil-sourced electricity. The next challenge for Austria is to electrify other sectors like transport, heating, and industry, which will require an increase in electricity production to meet these demands sustainably.

Suggestions

To further increase low-carbon electricity generation, Austria can extend its existing wind power infrastructure. Given that wind power already contributes a significant portion of Austria's clean electricity, expanding this sector could lead to substantial gains. Additionally, focusing on solar power, which currently provides scarce energy, could diversify the energy mix and ensure stability. Incorporating nuclear power as a reliable and sustainable source could also be a viable option, providing constant and large-scale electricity generation without CO₂ emissions or air pollution. This diversified approach will help ensure that Austria can meet future electricity demands while minimizing its carbon footprint.

History

In the history of Austria's low-carbon electricity generation, hydropower has shown fluctuations yet remains a cornerstone. During the 1970s, Austria saw significant gains with a notable increase in 1974 and 1977 but experienced declines in 1976. The 1980s had better overall performance, with a substantial gain of almost 5 TWh in 1987. The 1990s were marked by both increases and decreases in hydropower generation, while the early 2000s saw variability, with a large drop in 2003 followed by a rebound in 2004. A significant surge came in 2012 with a 10 TWh increase, though subsequent years were mixed. Recently, in 2023, hydro production improved by 6.4 TWh. These trends underscore the importance of diversifying low-carbon energy sources to maintain stability and sustain long-term electricity needs.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Maximum Imports

Data Sources

For the years 1971 to 1989 the data sources are World Bank and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 2019 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2020 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2023 the data source is ENTSOE.
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