The Palestinian Territories currently rely heavily on net imports for their power supply, with a total of 6.21 terawatt-hours (TWh) reported in 2021. This figure significantly lags behind the global average rate of 410 watts per person, indicating low levels of local electricity generation. It's critical to note that the territories have barely scratched the surface of low-carbon power generation, a category that encompasses nuclear, wind, and solar, which are fundamental for sustainable development. The notable dependency on imports is not merely an economic burden, but it also inhibits the territories' ability to significantly contribute to global objectives of reducing carbon emissions and combatting the climate crisis.
The Palestinian Territories could take cues from countries that have significantly advanced in low-carbon electricity generation, in order to amplify their own capacities. For example, India and Brazil, developing nations like Palestine, have had great success with wind and solar energy, generating 91 TWh and 94 TWh respectively from wind, and 119 TWh and 50 TWh respectively from solar. These figures clearly show vast untapped potential, given suitable investment and regulatory support. Countries like these have embraced the economic opportunities of green industries and improved their energy security, reducing dependency on imports.
The journey towards low-carbon electricity in the Palestinian Territories has seen a modest yet noteworthy shift in recent years. Even though records from 2015 to 2018 show no generation of electricity from solar power, there was a small increase of 0.1 TWh in both 2019 and 2020. However, 2021 saw no additional increase in solar electricity generation, maintaining the previous year's level. This slow beginning highlights the challenges faced but also underlines the urge to accelerate clean energy transformation to ensure a sustainable and independent energy future.