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Electricity in Guadeloupe in 2021

Global Ranking: #60
33.7% #101 Low-carbon electricity
478.46 watts #79 Generation / person
497.22 gCO2eq/kWh #139 Carbon Intensity

In 2021, Guadeloupe’s electricity consumption was heavily dependent on fossil fuels, which made up more than two-thirds (66%) of the total electricity generated. In contrast, clean or low-carbon electricity sources accounted for less than half (33%) of the electricity. Among the low-carbon sources, biofuels contributed approximately 15%, while wind and solar each provided almost 7%, and geothermal delivered close to 5%. The reliance on coal was notable, making up nearly 14% of the electricity mix.


To enhance the share of low-carbon electricity, Guadeloupe can draw lessons from countries with successful clean energy programs. For instance, Denmark generates more than half (53%) of its electricity from wind power, providing a model of effective wind energy utilization which could be highly applicable given Guadeloupe’s island geography and wind patterns. Additionally, countries like France, which produces 65% of its electricity from nuclear energy, demonstrate the effectiveness of this energy source in providing stable, low-carbon electricity. By investing in both wind farms and nuclear plants, Guadeloupe can significantly reduce its dependency on fossil fuels, thus mitigating climate change and improving air quality.


The history of low-carbon electricity generation in Guadeloupe shows modest developments over the years. In the early 2000s, biofuels had no change in production until their contribution increased slightly in subsequent years. Geothermal energy saw a gradual increment beginning in 2005 with an additional 0.1 TWh but remained static for many years following. Solar energy started contributing in 2012 with an increase of 0.1 TWh, but like geothermal, it showed no additional significant growth in the subsequent years. The year 2021 marked a notable increase of 0.2 TWh in biofuels alongside contributions from wind and geothermal. This gradual yet steady progress in clean energy adoption highlights the potential for future expansion and improvement.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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