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Electricity in Guadeloupe in 2011

Global Ranking: #67
31.2% #105 Low-carbon electricity
481.37 watts #79 Generation / person
615.06 gCO2eq/kWh #178 Carbon Intensity

In 2011, the Caribbean region of Guadeloupe consumed power primarily from fossil fuels, mostly coal, which contributed to approximately 69% of the electricity generation. Low-carbon energy resources such as biofuels, geothermal, wind, and solar power collectively added up to about 31% of the electricity production. Biofuels were the largest contributor among these low-carbon sources, providing for over 20% of the electricity consumption, while geothermal energy represented just under 6%, wind at 3% and solar power generating slightly less than 2%.


Guadeloupe can significantly increase its share of low-carbon electricity generation by learning from and replicating successful models from countries with similar climates and geographical features. Countries such as Denmark and Uruguay both rely heavily on wind energy, contributing to 59% and 41% of their respective electricity supplies. Similarly, given Guadeloupe's high sunlight exposure, it could also draw lessons from countries like Greece, Australia, and Chile whose solar energy contributes to 19%, 18%, and 20% of their electricity production respectively. Furthermore, a significant boost in Guadeloupe's low-carbon energy could be achieved through the utilization of nuclear power, just like France who derives a phenomenal 66% of its electricity from nuclear sources.


The history of low-carbon electricity in Guadeloupe started only in the early 2000s with an initial focus on biofuels, wind, and geothermal energy. There was almost no expansion in terms of wind and geothermal until 2003 when geothermal energy recording a minimal rise. Biofuels saw a slight increase in 2004, but there was no considerable development in this sector until 2011. Wind energy remained constant throughout this period, showing no growth at all. Solar energy only came into the picture in 2010, and it too showed no variation in 2011. A slight decline is noticeable in the biofuels sector in 2011, reflecting possibly an area of concern. Undoubtedly, the history of low-carbon electricity production in Guadeloupe underscores a slow but steady inception and growth with ample opportunities for expansion and development, particularly in wind, solar, and nuclear energy.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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