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Electricity in Suriname in 2021

Global Ranking: #59
36.2% #95 Low-carbon electricity
525.16 watts #69 Generation / person
360.82 gCO2eq/kWh #86 Carbon Intensity

In Suriname, the electricity landscape is currently evenly split between fossil fuels and low-carbon sources. Over a third of the total electricity output is provided by low-carbon sources, closely mirroring the amount produced by fossil fuels. Hydropower, in itself a low-carbon energy source, also makes up just over one-third of the country's electricity production. There is an observable reliance on net imports of electricity, which stands at slightly over a quarter. Although the country is somewhat balanced between low-carbon and fossil fuel sources, it could benefit greatly from pushing for a cleaner, greener energy mix.


To further increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Suriname can draw inspiration from countries that have efficiently harnessed various low-carbon sources. Denmark and Uruguay, for example, have made great strides in wind energy, each generating nearly 60% and 40% of their total electricity output respectively. These achievements suggest that wind energy could be a viable and potent low-carbon solution for Suriname, considering its geographical typology and climate. Additionally, the nuclear energy sector, which has played a huge role in the low-carbon electricity generation in countries like France and Slovakia, might be worth exploring for Suriname too. However, it's important to note that any adoption steps should be contextual, taking into account Suriname's unique economic, environmental and social dynamics.


Historically, Suriname has displayed a fluctuating trend in its low-carbon electricity production. Since the early 1980s, hydroelectricity has been the dominant source of clean energy. Hydroelectric production experienced a slight dip in the early part of the decade due to a decrease in capacity but managed to bounce back towards the close of the decade. The pattern continued to the 1990s with inherent inconsistencies interspersed with slight increments in production. There was a significant decline at the turn of the millennium, notably in 2000. More recently, despite a fluctuating track record especially between 2010 and 2014, there has been a small but steady increase, indicating a lingering commitment to harnessing this low-carbon energy source.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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