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Electricity in Suriname in 2022

Global Ranking: #55
48.3% #75 Low-carbon electricity
40.89 % #76 Electrification
389.21 watts #93 Generation / person
349.57 gCO2eq/kWh #84 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Suriname's electricity consumption was divided almost equally between fossil and low-carbon energy sources. Fossil energy made up 1.08 TWh, while low-carbon energy, specifically from hydroelectric sources, contributed 1.01 TWh. This indicates that just over half of the electricity in Suriname came from fossil sources, and slightly less than half came from clean, low-carbon sources. With a population of approximately 600,000, this equates to about 400 watts of electricity generation per person, which is below the global average of 432 watts per person. Low levels of electricity generation can hinder economic development, limit access to essential services, and restrict improvements in quality of life for many residents.


Suriname can increase low-carbon electricity generation by learning from countries that have successfully expanded their clean energy capacities. For instance, Brazil has made significant investments in wind power, generating 96 TWh, while India has developed substantial solar and wind capabilities, producing 113 TWh from solar and 82 TWh from wind. Given the similarities in climate and resources, Suriname could look to these nations for guidance on harnessing solar and wind energy. Additionally, nuclear energy remains a powerful low-carbon option, with countries like France and Canada generating significant portions of their electricity through nuclear power. Suriname could consider developing its nuclear infrastructure to provide a reliable and sustainable energy source.


Historically, Suriname's low-carbon electricity generation has primarily depended on hydroelectric power. Starting in the 1980s, there were several fluctuations in hydroelectric output. In the early 1980s, for example, hydroelectric production saw varying changes, such as an increase of 0.3 TWh in 1982, but a significant decline of 0.4 TWh in 1983. The late 1980s experienced mixed growth with notable increases and reductions, including a substantial increase of 0.6 TWh in 1989. The trend continued into the 1990s and 2000s with sporadic growth and declines, highlighted by a drop of 0.6 TWh in 2000. More recently, there have been attempts to stabilize and grow hydroelectric generation, with modest gains in the 2010s, like a 0.3 TWh increase in 2010. These historical patterns reflect the challenges and opportunities in Suriname's quest for consistent low-carbon electricity generation.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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