As of 2021, Fiji's electricity consumption was relatively low compared to the global average. The global average electricity consumption per person is approximately 410 watts, whereas, in Fiji, it's significantly less. This low level of electricity generation can have its implications primarily on economic growth and quality of life, including impacts on healthcare, education, and overall living conditions. Despite this, Fiji has made considerable strides in generating electricity from low-carbon resources. Most of the electricity is generated from clean energy sources. Its energy mix includes mainly biofuels and hydro, with no current use of fossil fuels, making it a nearly zero-carbon energy producer.
Given the vast oceanic resources and tropical climate available to Fiji, the country could significantly boost its low-carbon electricity generation. To do this, Fiji could draw vital insights from countries that have advanced in low-carbon electricity production. For instance, the People's Republic of China and the United States have successfully integrated wind and solar energy into their energy matrix, producing over 900 and 400 Terawatt-hours (TWh), respectively, from these sources. Fiji could invest in these types of energy to tap into its abundant resources further. Considering Fiji's similarity to tropical nations like Brazil and India, successful integration of wind and solar energy in these countries could serve as a benchmark for Fiji's renewable energy ambitions.
Looking at Fiji's history of low-carbon electricity generation, the journey dates back to the start of the millennium. Although the country started with biofuels in 2000, the generation of hydroelectricity became significant around 2001. The period between 2000-2018 saw a steady yo-yo of small increases and declines in hydroelectricity. While there was a slight decrease of 0.1 TWh in hydroelectricity production in 2003 and again in 2010 and 2014, the trend was mostly upward, with a gradual increase of about 0.1 TWh occurring almost biennially since 2007. Biofuels have consistently been part of Fiji's low-carbon portfolio, although no significant change has been observed in its generation over the period. At no point did Fiji venture into nuclear energy, meaning a substantial potential remains untapped. Despite these fluctuations, Fiji's pursuit of low-carbon electricity has remained steadfast, providing a good foundation for a future that blends more clean energy sources into its portfolio.