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Electricity in Fiji in 2021

Global Ranking: #63
62.8% #47 Low-carbon electricity
139.51 watts #144 Generation / person
282.42 gCO2eq/kWh #59 Carbon Intensity
None Electricity imports

In 2021, Fiji consumed a total of 140 watts per person of electricity, with a sectorial divide highlighting the prominence of low-carbon energy sourcing. Almost two-thirds of the electricity consumed was drawn from low-carbon sources, that is, 88 watts per person—with hydropower variables accounting for 70 watts of that value, and biofuels adding additional 16 watts. Barely over a watt was generated via solar energy. In comparison, the use of fossil fuel generated less than 52 watts per person. These figures show a stark contrast to the global average electricity consumption of 412 watts per person, indicating that Fiji’s power sector is relatively small. This may limit Fiji's socio-economic development due to restricted access to power and hampered industrial growth. Equally notable is the fact that Fiji neither imports nor exports electricity.


Looking to boost its low-carbon electricity generation, Fiji could draw insights from countries with similar climatic or geographic profiles, particularly, those harnessing a maximum of their ambient potential. New Zealand, for instance, has successfully exploited wind power to generate 71 watts per person, while Australia has capitalized on its abundant sunlight to deliver 147 watts per person from solar power—in both cases adding significantly to their low-carbon power capacity. Spain's balanced approach could serve as another interesting model, utilizing both wind and solar sources to generate a cumulative 229 watts per person of clean energy. As Fiji seeks to increase its clean energy output, developing a diverse energy mix that judiciously employs its abundant sunlight and potential wind energy could be strategically beneficial.


A retrospective analysis of Fiji's history in low-carbon electricity generation reveals a sustained focus majorly on hydropower and biofuels. Since 2000, the contribution of biofuels to electricity generation has remained quite stable. The generation from hydropower, on the other hand, has seen minor yet recurrent fluctuations. Notable instances include the early 2000s and mid-2010s, where, after temporary dips, production from hydropower sources rebounded. For instance, in 2001, after an increment in hydropower generation by 0.1 TWh, Fiji witnessed a dip in 2003. Nevertheless, by 2007 and again by 2018, electricity generation from hydropower added another 0.2 and 0.1 TWh respectively. This demonstrates overall a growing commitment to low-carbon electricity over the years.

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data sources are EIA and Enerdata (imports/exports).
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.