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Electricity in Turkmenistan in 2022

Global Ranking: #193
0.0% #195 Low-carbon electricity
19.50 % #115 Electrification
586.81 watts #67 Generation / person
654.81 gCO2eq/kWh #195 Carbon Intensity

The current state of electricity consumption in Turkmenistan is heavily reliant on fossil fuels, with an overwhelming 99.97% of its electricity generated from these sources in 2022. This leaves a minuscule share for low-carbon or clean energy sources, which account for close to none of the total electricity generation. Such a significant dependence on fossil fuels contributes to increased greenhouse gas emissions, exacerbating climate change and causing air pollution, which can have numerous health and environmental impacts.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Turkmenistan can look to successful models from other countries. For example, France generates more than half of its electricity from nuclear power, providing a stable and substantial supply of clean energy. Likewise, Slovakia and Ukraine obtain almost two-thirds and more than half, respectively, of their electricity from nuclear sources. Denmark, with its extensive wind energy infrastructure, secures more than half of its electricity from wind power. Given Turkmenistan's arid climate and vast land availability, investing in solar energy could also be beneficial, similar to the successes seen in countries like Yemen and Chile, each obtaining about 20% of their electricity from solar power.


Historically, low-carbon electricity generation in Turkmenistan has been almost non-existent. From 1992 to 2021, there have been no significant developments in either hydro or solar electricity generation, with annual changes remaining at zero TWh throughout the years listed. This lack of progress over the decades underscores the urgency for Turkmenistan to diversify its electricity generation portfolio by incorporating more clean, sustainable energy sources such as nuclear, wind, and solar. Such a transition not only aligns with global sustainability goals but can also mitigate the adverse effects associated with fossil fuel dependency.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1985 to 1989 the data source is Energy Institute.
For the years 1990 to 2017 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 2018 to 2019 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the year 2020 the data source is Energy Institute.
For the years 2021 to 2022 the data sources are Energy Institute and Ember (imports/exports).
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