Electricity consumption in Curaçao in 2017 was chiefly based on fossil fuels, particularly oil which dominated around 79% of the market. Low-carbon sources contributed around 21% of the total energy mix. Amongst these clean sources, wind was the ultimate provider, boasting almost 19%. Solar energy offered a mere contribution of around 2%. Therefore, fossil fuel forms the overwhelming majority while low-carbon energy, largely from wind, constitutes the minority of electricity consumption in Curaçao.
In terms of strategies to increase low-carbon electricity generation, Curaçao can capitalize on its present wind energy production. With wind power currently representing nearly 19% of the island's energy mix, an expansion of existing wind power facilities could substantially diminish reliance on fossil fuels. The country could also find lessons in the strategies of jurisdictions with similar characteristics. Looking at Uruguay, for example, wind energy constitutes 41% of the country's electricity. When comparing Curaçao and Uruguay, both share similar geographic traits, with strong winds due to their coastal locations. Consequently, it is viable that Curaçao, like Uruguay, could significantly augment its wind energy production.
Exploring the history of low-carbon electricity generation in Curaçao, it is evident that most of the progress has taken place recently. Throughout the 1990s and up until 2001, wind energy production was essentially non-existent. In early 2000s, wind electricity saw a minor but noteworthy rise of 0.1 TWh. This was followed by a stagnant phase until 2013, when another minor increment occurred within the wind segment and solar appeared on the scene, albeit without production for a couple of years. Thus, the advancement of low-carbon energy in Curaçao has been relatively recent and gradual, largely centered on wind energy, with solar energy emerging in recent years.