As of 2023, Moldova's electricity consumption rests completely upon fossil fuels, with 4.98 TWh generated from gas. With zero generation from low-carbon energy sources, it falls greatly behind the global average of 410 watts per person, making Moldova one of the countries with the lowest levels of sustainable electricity generation. This complete dependence on fossil fuels not only contributes greatly to climate change with high carbon emissions but also further exposes Moldova to the unstable global fossil fuel markets, posing economic and energy security concerns.
To ease its growing energy problem, Moldova could learn from other countries that have successfully integrated low-carbon energy sources into their energy mix. Countries of similar size like Slovakia and Bulgaria have made use of nuclear energy producing 18 TWh and 16 TWh respectively, while Denmark has achieved success with 19 TWh generated from wind energy. Neighbouring Ukraine, too, has shown a successful implementation of nuclear energy with a generation of 65 TWh. Moldova could also leverage its geographical location to its advantage; with ample sunlight, the development of solar energy resources akin to Italy (24 TWh) is a promising route towards, sustainable, clean energy.
The history of low-carbon electricity in Moldova is marked by minute fluctuations in hydro power starting from 1991. In the early years of the 90s, hydro energy seesawed between small increment and decrement, maintaining a similar pattern through the later years, peaking at just 0.1 TWh. The pattern remained consistent, with wind energy only making its entrance in the year 2021. However, no notable rise has been seen in its generation. Significant efforts would be needed to shift this negligible utilization of low-carbon energy sources to bring about a green revolution in Moldova's energy profile.