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Electricity in Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2023

Global Ranking: #47
40.3% #82 Low-carbon electricity
594.34 watts #65 Generation / person
497.57 gCO2eq/kWh #140 Carbon Intensity

In 2023, Bosnia & Herzegovina's electricity consumption shows a significant reliance on fossil fuels, with more than half of its electricity (around 60%) coming from these sources. Coal dominates the fossil fuel category, accounting for nearly all of this consumption. Low-carbon energy sources constitute around 40% of the electricity mix, with hydropower being the most significant contributor, providing more than a third of the total electricity. Wind and solar power contribute smaller, yet notable portions, with wind supplying just over 1.5% and solar providing a little over 1%.


To increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Bosnia & Herzegovina can draw inspiration from countries with successful clean energy strategies. For example, France and Slovakia generate more than 60% of their electricity from nuclear power, showing the potential of this reliable, high-output technology. Closer to Bosnia & Herzegovina, countries like Slovenia and Bulgaria, with nuclear energy contributing almost 40% of their electricity, demonstrate that even smaller nations can significantly benefit from this low-carbon source. Additionally, Denmark and Ireland's wind energy successes, contributing over half and nearly a third of their electricity respectively, illustrate the viability of expanding wind power in suitable locations.


Bosnia & Herzegovina's history of low-carbon electricity generation has seen various fluctuations over the years, primarily in hydropower. In the early 1990s, the generation experienced significant changes, such as an increase of 2.1 TWh in 1991, followed by decreases in subsequent years. The late 1990s and early 2000s saw incremental increases, like 1.5 TWh in both 1996 and 2004. However, there were periods of decline, such as -3.6 TWh in 2011, which were later offset by substantial increases, including 3.1 TWh in 2013 and 2.6 TWh in 2018. More recently, the trend continued with a notable rise of 2.1 TWh in 2021 followed by a slight decrease in 2022, only to increase again by 1.4 TWh in 2023.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Maximum Imports

Data Sources

For the years 1990 to 1991 the data source is IEA.
For the year 1992 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1993 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2023 the data source is Ember.
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