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Electricity in Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2022

Global Ranking: #45
37.9% #88 Low-carbon electricity
566.77 watts #66 Generation / person
517.14 gCO2eq/kWh #147 Carbon Intensity
Up to 100% Electricity imports

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, fossil fuels dominate the electricity generation landscape with a share of a little over 60%. Coal in particular makes up almost all of this source, contributing more than 60% of the total electricity mix. On the other hand, low-carbon energy comprises nearly 38% of the total electricity, with the significant part of it - about 34% - derived from hydropower. Wind, solar, and biofuels contribute almost 3.5% to the total power generation structure collectively, with wind making up the majority of this percentage. Notably, Bosnia & Herzegovina is a net electricity exporter, producing more energy than it consumes.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Bosnia & Herzegovina could take inspiration from countries where this has been achieved successfully. Considering that Bosnia & Herzegovina has already invested heavily in hydropower, diversifying into other clean energy options could reduce reliance on a single source of low-carbon electricity. Countries like Denmark and Ireland, where wind contributes to more than a third of the electricity generation could serve as models. Nuclear power also presents another option - countries like France, Slovakia, and the Ukraine have a majority of their electricity generated from nuclear power. As Bosnia & Herzegovina has a significant share of electricity generated from low-carbon sources already, it might be strategic to ramp up nuclear and wind power generation.


Looking into the history of low-carbon electricity in Bosnia & Herzegovina, hydropower has consistently been a significant player in the country's electricity generation mix since the early 1990s. Throughout the years, hydropower generation has seen both ups and downs. For instance, after a rise of 2.1 terawatt-hours (TWh) in 1991, a decline followed in the subsequent year. A trend of growth and decline continued throughout the years — notable increases followed by decreases occurred in the mid-1990s and again in the 2000s. In more recent years, a similar pattern persisted with a substantial increase of 2.5 TWh in 2018, but a decrease saw 1.5 TWh less generation in 2020. Despite these fluctuations, hydropower remains a principal source of Bosnia & Herzegovina's low-carbon electricity generation and will likely continue in this essential role in the future.

Data Sources

For the years 1990 to 1991 the data source is IEA.
For the year 1992 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1993 to 2007 the data source is IEA.
For the year 2008 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2009 to 2013 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2014 to 2016 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2017 to 2019 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2020 to 2022 the data source is Ember.