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Electricity in Réunion in 2011

Global Ranking: #75
30.8% #107 Low-carbon electricity
367.94 watts #96 Generation / person
485.89 gCO2eq/kWh #132 Carbon Intensity

Réunion's total electricity consumption for the year 2011 consisted only of fossil energy, coming in at a consumption level of 2 TWh. Without any substantial low-carbon energy sources such as wind, solar or nuclear, the island was entirely reliant on carbon-emitting fuel sources for its energy needs. When compared to the global average consumption of 410 watts per person, Réunion's total electricity generation levels are relatively low. This low level of electricity generation may pose challenges to economic activities and infrastructural developments which often require a substantial and reliable amount of energy.


While the scale of energies produced in regions like China and the United States might not be immediately applicable, Réunion can glean practical lessons from how these countries are diversifying their energy generation sources. Pertinent examples are seen in France and Brazil, who have notably integrated nuclear and wind energies into their power grid. Réunion, with its tropical climate and island geography, could similarly leverage wind energy, and even explore the prospect of nuclear energy for consistent, low-carbon electricity provision. Solar energy, seeing successful utilization in nations such as India and Japan, could also be an avenue for exploration given Réunion's ample sunshine.


Looking at the history of low-carbon electricity in Réunion, the first attempts of diversification from fossil fuels into low-carbon sources began in the early 2000s, with the introduction of hydro and biofuel energies. Nevertheless, the island saw minimal improvements in these areas over the decade. In 2010, solar energy was introduced and has since shown a slight annual increase. Unfortunately, the hydroelectric power generation has been relatively inconsistent since its introduction, and showed a decrease in the latter years. Overall, Réunion's history of low-carbon electricity generation, specifically from the three main sources of hydro, biofuels, and solar, has shown slow and inconsistent growth. This underscores the need for a more robust strategy for the implementation and improvement of low-carbon energy sources.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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