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Electricity in Laos in 2022

Global Ranking: #19
73.0% #37 Low-carbon electricity
81.42 % #3 Electrification
706.45 watts #47 Generation / person
239.37 gCO2eq/kWh #54 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Laos generated over 70% of its electricity through low-carbon sources, specifically hydropower. With hydropower contributing nearly 73% to the total electricity mix, the country has a substantial reliance on this clean energy source. On the other hand, fossil fuels accounted for slightly over a quarter of Laos's electricity generation, with coal being the sole contributor in this category at 27%. This shows that while Laos is heavily invested in clean energy, a significant portion of its electricity still comes from fossil fuels.

Suggestions

To further increase low-carbon electricity generation, Laos can draw lessons from countries that have successfully diversified their energy portfolios. Countries like Uruguay and Ireland have made significant strides in wind energy, with wind contributing 35% and 32% to their electricity generation, respectively. Given Laos's geographical similarities to some of these countries, enhancing wind infrastructure could be a feasible and effective approach. Additionally, looking at nations like Chile and Greece, which generate around 20% of their electricity from solar, Laos can tap into its solar potential to diversify its low-carbon energy sources further. Building a balanced mix of hydropower, wind, and solar would not only bolster the nation's clean energy credentials but also provide a more resilient energy framework.

History

Historically, the development of low-carbon electricity in Laos has seen a predominantly hydropower-driven trajectory. In the late 1980s, the country experienced minor fluctuations with a slight decrease in 1987. The late 1990s and early 2000s marked steady progress, with notable increases in 1998, 1999, and 2000. A significant surge happened in 2010 with a substantial increase of 5 TWh, followed by another remarkable rise of 4.5 TWh in 2011. The last few years have been particularly eventful, with an impressive increase of nearly 9 TWh in 2020 and over 4 TWh in 2021, highlighting the nation's commitment to expanding its hydropower capabilities. Nonetheless, moving forward, diversifying into other forms of low-carbon electricity remains crucial.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2013 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2014 to 2016 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2017 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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