In Honduras in 2021, the balance of electricity generated can be seen as almost evenly split between low-carbon and fossil energy sources. With low-carbon energy totalling 6.23 TWh and fossil energy at 5.74 TWh, the small gap highlights an area for further development. Most of the low-carbon electricity comes from hydropower (2.7 TWh), followed by solar (1.28 TWh), and a small but significant portion from biofuels (1.14 TWh). The lesser dependence on fossil energy compared to clean energy sets a positive trend. However, the per capita electricity consumption remains notably smaller than the global average of 410 watts per person, indicating potential limitations in power for industrial development, healthcare services, and overall quality of life.
Boosting the production of solar energy could play a seminal role in increasing low-carbon electricity generation in Honduras. Currently, solar contribution is significant, and given sufficient investment and regulatory support, there lies potential to further this production. A comparative view of global practices might be useful here. For instance, China and India have demonstrated remarkable outputs of solar energy, 531 TWh and 119 TWh respectively. Considering the geographical similarities, Honduras can also explore wind energy as an option, drawing lessons from countries like Brazil, which has utilized its wind energy to generate 94 TWh of electricity.
Tracing back to the late 1980s, hydroelectricity emerged as a significant potential source of low-carbon energy for Honduras. With constant up and downs in electricity generation, hydro energy saw increments ranging from 0.3 to 0.6 TWh till mid-1990s. However, the late 1990s and early 2000s marked a period of decrease, with a drop ranging between 0.3 - 0.4 TWh. The development took a positive turn again around 2005, when the hydroelectric output increased reasonably until a significant dip in 2019 by 0.7 TWh. In recent years, other forms of clean energy have shown promising growth in Honduras. The years 2015 and 2016 marked a surge in solar power generation, while wind energy made a noticeable contribution in 2018. Moreover, biofuel's minor but noteworthy contribution in 2019 provides another viable option for the future of low-carbon electricity in the country.