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Electricity in Maldives in 2021

Global Ranking: #134
7.6% #158 Low-carbon electricity
144.48 watts #143 Generation / person
608.79 gCO2eq/kWh #175 Carbon Intensity
None Electricity imports

In 2021, the electrical power consumption in Maldives was considerably lower than the global average per person with just 144 watts/person, as compared to the global average of 412 watts/person. The majority of this power comes from fossil fuels, approximately 133 watts/person, while the contribution from low-carbon energy sources like solar is remarkably low, almost negligible, at 11 watts/person. The high reliance on fossil energy sources for power generation not only implies Maldives' large carbon footprint, but also puts the nation at risk of energy insecurity due to fossil fuel price fluctuations and resource scarcity.


Considering these circumstances, it's clear that Maldives must invest in and increase its low-carbon electricity generation. Looking at other nations may provide insight and guidance on how to successfully accomplish this. For instance, Denmark and Sweden have effectively harnessed wind energy with 369 watts/person and 363 watts/person, respectively. Furthermore, nuclear energy has been efficiently used in France, Finland, and Sweden with 526, 517, and 559 watts/person, respectively. Emulating these countries by diversifying into different low-carbon energy sources could potentially transform Maldives' energy scenario. Investing in wind energy plants can be viable option given Maldives is a tropical nation with considerable wind speeds, while exploring nuclear energy could serve as a long-term solution towards a low-carbon future.


The history of low-carbon electricity generation in Maldives has been rather uneventful. From 2014 to 2021, Maldives has only attempted to generate electricity through solar energy. Even then, it's evident there has been no growth or change in its electricity generation over these years. This stagnation points to a serious lack of initiative or investment towards sustainable power generation which needs urgent addressing. Given the numerous examples of successful low-carbon electricity generation from around the world, it's high time for Maldives to take decisive steps towards a green and sustainable future, starting with an aggressive drive to bolster its wind and solar energy sector.

Data Sources

The data source is Ember.