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Electricity in Maldives in 2021

Global Ranking: #152
7.6% #159 Low-carbon electricity
144.48 watts #143 Generation / person
608.79 gCO2eq/kWh #175 Carbon Intensity

As of 2021, the Maldivian energy sector heavily relies on fossil fuels, thereby, falling significantly short of the global average for per capita electricity consumption which lies at 410 watts per person. The island nation has been slow to transition to cleaner, low-carbon energy sources such as solar, wind, and nuclear. Consequently, this has resulted in environmental impacts like high carbon emissions and pollution, exacerbating the existential threat of climate change the country faces. In comparison to its global counterparts, Maldives' energy consumption trends underscore the urgent need for transformation in the sector.


To bridge this gap in electricity production, Maldives can look towards examples set by countries successful in low-carbon energy generation. Given the nation’s geography and climate, harnessing energy from abundant wind and solar resources can yield substantial electricity. Learnings can be derived from sun-drenched nations such as People's Republic of China and the United States which lead in solar electricity generation with 523 TWh and 215 TWh respectively. Wind-rich regions like China and the US again top the charts with 964 TWh and 425 TWh of wind electricity generation respectively. While nuclear energy presents an alternative low-carbon source, considering factors such as geographical constraints and the need for robust infrastructure and regulations, it may not be the most suitable option for the Maldives.


The history of low-carbon energy in Maldives, particularly solar energy, has remained stagnant over the past decade. Since 2014, the data suggests zero change in solar electricity generation. Over this period, there has been no significant growth or decline in solar electricity production, evidencing a lack of investment and effort into harnessing this abundant and renewable resource. This static trend is a missed opportunity given the country's abundant sunlight, which, if captured effectively, can significantly contribute to Maldives' low-carbon energy profile, help mitigate dependence on fossil fuels, and advance its climate change battle.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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