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Electricity in Togo in 2022

Global Ranking: #177
13.1% #147 Low-carbon electricity
26.77 % #107 Electrification
22.18 watts #186 Generation / person
404.22 gCO2eq/kWh #99 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Togo's electricity consumption presented a stark disparity between low-carbon and fossil energy sources. More than half of Togo's electricity came from fossil fuels, notably oil and natural gas, while clean energy, mostly hydro, contributed to almost a third of the total generation. This has severe implications for the country, as the total electricity consumption per person was significantly lower than the global average of 432 watts per person. Limited electricity generation can hinder economic development, impede access to essential services, and contribute to poorer living conditions.


To increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Togo can look towards successful examples from countries with similar constraints. For instance, India has significantly boosted its solar power capacity, reaching 113 TWh, demonstrating that even countries with developing economies can effectively harness solar energy. Additionally, neighboring Brazil's wind energy generation, at 96 TWh, offers a compelling model for Togo to exploit its potential wind resource. Moreover, examining South Korea’s nuclear energy generation highlights how nuclear power can be a strong backbone for a low-carbon energy mix, making it a crucial consideration for Togo's long-term energy strategy.


Togo's history of low-carbon electricity generation illustrates a heavy reliance on hydro power with moderate success. In the early 1990s, hydroelectric generation saw fluctuations, with sporadic increments and decrements around 0.1 TWh each year. This trend continued into the late 1990s and early 2000s, with no significant breakthroughs. A noteworthy change occurred in 2019, with an increase of 0.2 TWh in hydro generation, marking a rare significant boost. In 2021, Togo began venturing into solar power, though the addition was close to none. This history underlines the urgent need for strategic investments and policies to diversify and expand low-carbon electricity sources such as solar, wind, and especially nuclear.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1985 to 1989 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the year 2000 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2001 to 2006 the data source is IEA.
For the year 2007 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2008 to 2010 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2011 to 2012 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2013 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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