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Electricity in Italy in 2023

Global Ranking: #57
35.4% #98 Low-carbon electricity
538.87 watts #66 Generation / person
334.35 gCO2eq/kWh #75 Carbon Intensity

In 2023, Italy consumed substantial amount of its electricity from fossil fuels, where around 40% of its power was derived from different forms of traditional energy sources like gas and coal. Notably, gas made up over a third, and coal was just a little over 6%. However, globally, there is a significant shift towards low-carbon energy and Italy also followed suit with over 35% of its electricity being sourced from cleaner and more sustainable energy streams. A significant contribution to this low-carbon energy came from hydropower, contributing nearly 15% to electricity generation followed by solar and wind each making up a little more than 8%. Biofuels and geothermal energy made lesser contributions with both making up under 3% of the total electricity generation. Additionally, almost a fifth of the electricity intake in Italy was acquired through net imports.


As Italy continues to aim for a cleaner and more sustainable future, it has the potential to enhance its low carbon electricity generation by learning from other nations adopting such energy sources successfully. France, for instance, sources 66% of its electricity from nuclear energy. Slovakia and Ukraine also have strong nuclear energy outputs at 61% and 58% respectively. Furthermore, wind-energy-heavy nations like Denmark, which sources a significant 59% of electricity from wind and Germany, Ireland, and United Kingdom, where around 30% of electricity is wind-produced, could provide insightful strategies. The geographical similarities shared with Southern European nations such as Spain and Greece, both utilizing wind and solar power effectively, lend further learning opportunities for Italy in enhancing its low-carbon electricity production.


The history of low-carbon electricity in Italy has seen its fair share of shifts and growth. The late 70s and late 80s saw Italy making a conscientious effort towards hydroelectric power with an increase in 1977, followed by a period of fluctuation. Notably, nuclear electricity took a hit in 1987 with a significant reduction. However, the focus shifted back to hydroelectric power with the start of the 21st century, albeit with some fluctuations. The commitment towards a sustainable future was further solidified in the second decade of the 2000s with a consistent increase in solar power generation, peaking in 2011 and 2012. Despite a considerable dip in hydroelectric power in 2022, it bounced back in 2023, accompanied by a drop in biofuel contribution that year. Overall, the historical data indicates that low-carbon power generation in Italy has been a journey of learning and adaptation while striving towards a cleaner future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Maximum Imports

Data Sources

For the years 1971 to 1984 the data sources are World Bank and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1985 to 1989 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 2019 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2020 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2023 the data source is ENTSOE.
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