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Electricity in French Polynesia in 2021

Global Ranking: #81
32.9% #103 Low-carbon electricity
262.82 watts #116 Generation / person
449.17 gCO2eq/kWh #112 Carbon Intensity

French Polynesia, in 2021, had a relatively low level of electricity consumption, substantially lower than the global average of 410 watts/person. The electricity generation was notably driven by low-carbon sources, namely hydro and solar. However, the use of these energy types was minimal, nearly nonexistent, demonstrating the currently limited development of low-carbon electricity generation in the territory. The low electricity consumption could potentially impede economic development, given the vital role electricity plays in modern societies. It might hinder industrial processes, service provision, and living standards.


One potential roadmap for French Polynesia to increase low-carbon electricity generation might involve learning from other countries who are excelling in this realm. Consider, for example, countries and regions harnessing wind energy, such as the People's Republic of China, United States, and Germany. These nations have managed to generate hundreds to nearly a thousand Terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity from wind alone. Though climate and geographical features play a part in the suitability of wind energy, French Polynesia could investigate the feasibility and potential benefits of such an approach. Similarly, increased solar energy generation, like in the People's Republic of China, the United States, and India, could offer an avenue for substantial low-carbon electricity generation, given French Polynesia's tropical climate.


Low-carbon electricity in French Polynesia, according to the available data, has been largely stagnant over the past two decades. The early 2000s saw the use of hydroelectric energy, though this remained at nearly zero TWh for several years until a minor increase in 2010. This was short-lived, however, with hydro generation decreasing back to zero just a year later. Solar electricity saw similar trends, emerging in 2011 but maintaining at zero TWh throughout the decade. Unfortunately, the data reveals no instances of nuclear power use in French Polynesia – a low-carbon energy source that holds substantial potential. Moving forward, these trends underline the need for a focused and robust effort in advancing low-carbon electricity generation in French Polynesia.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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