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Electricity in Burkina Faso in 2021

Global Ranking: #177
8.2% #157 Low-carbon electricity
14.51 watts #194 Generation / person
516.36 gCO2eq/kWh #147 Carbon Intensity

In 2021, Burkina Faso reported a relatively low electricity consumption mainly driven by fossil energy. The total use of fossil energy amounted to 1.52 TWh, while the country resorted to net imports totalling 1.06 TWh to cover the remaining electricity demand. As such, there is a clear reliance on non-sustainable energy resources rather than greener alternatives. Despite this noticeable discrepancy, it is essential to note that even combined, these figures remain significantly below the global average electricity consumption of 410 watts per person. This substantial shortfall might translate to a myriad of developmental challenges, such as limited industrial growth and inadequate public services, among others, due to the scarcity of electric power.


To increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Burkina Faso could take a leaf from the books of numerous successful nations. A close look at other countries indicates that embracing a variety of clean energy sources might be a feasible approach. For instance, Brazil has achieved significant strides in wind power generation with 94 TWh. Given the geographical and climatic similarities, Burkina Faso could explore harnessing wind energy as a primary green electricity source. Also notable is India's solar power generation of 120 TWh and the People's Republic of China's wind power generation of 964 TWh; both represent another potential avenue to explore.


The history of low-carbon energy in Burkina Faso has primarily centered around hydro and solar power. Starting in 1996, with a humble addition of 0.1 TWh from hydroelectric power, throughout the years, the figures remained relatively constant, with the occasional slight increment. Introduction of solar energy to the energy mix occurred in 2010, but it, too, plateaued at close to zero for many years. It was only in 2018 when solar power saw a marginal increase, demonstrating a small yet encouraging growth in clean, sustainable energy use. Despite these developments, it is evident that low-carbon electricity generation in Burkina Faso has witnessed slow progression, underscoring an urgent need for diversification and expansion in the sector.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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