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Electricity in Cameroon in 2021

Global Ranking: #135
62.2% #54 Low-carbon electricity
33.87 watts #179 Generation / person
261.96 gCO2eq/kWh #58 Carbon Intensity

In 2021, Cameroon's electricity consumption was dominated by low-carbon energy sources, producing more than 5 TWh. Hydropower was the primary contributor to this, providing almost the entirety of this output. Clean fossil energy was another significant source of electricity production, generating over 3 TWh. These figures place Cameroon significantly below the global average electricity consumption of 410 watts per person, indicating a possible surplus of untapped electricity generation capacity. It also suggests potential socio-economic implications including limited industrial development and inadequate access to electricity for both households and businesses.


One way for Cameroon to boost its low-carbon electricity generation could be to explore other forms of low-carbon energy that have proven successful in other countries. Examining the successful implementation of wind energy in countries like China, which generated over 941 TWh in 2021, and the United States, which generated over 423 TWh, could provide valuable perspectives. Similarly, they might consider the potential of nuclear power, as implemented in the United States, producing 776 TWh, and in France where it generated 319 TWh. As these power sources have shown significant success in different geographical and economic contexts, it implies that Cameroon too might find untapped potential in these alternatives.


Cameroon's history with low-carbon electricity stretches back to the early 1980s, with hydroelectricity being the main contributor. From the 1980s until 2006, there were consistent increases in hydropower production, apart from a negligible decrease in 2002. Additionally, in 2006, a significant gain was made because of the integration of biofuels into the energy mix, contributing to 0.6 TWh of the total low-carbon power output. However, the contribution of biofuels was short-lived as it saw a decline in 2007. In the last two decades of the 21st century, the growth of hydropower looked inconsistent. There were periods of both increased and decreased production, with 2017 observing the most substantial increase of 0.7 TWh. Lastly, 2021 saw a decrease of 0.4 TWh in hydropower.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2005 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2006 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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