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Electricity in Cameroon in 2022

Global Ranking: #93
62.3% #51 Low-carbon electricity
34.08 watts #180 Generation / person
214.50 gCO2eq/kWh #42 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, electricity consumption in Cameroon was significantly reliant on low-carbon energy sources. About 5 TWh of the total electricity came from hydropower, making up a significant portion since it equals the total low-carbon electricity generation of 5.06 TWh. By contrast, fossil fuels accounted for about 3 TWh, with gas contributing 2.38 TWh to this total. Overall, this means that Cameroon generates close to two-thirds of its electricity from low-carbon sources and about one-third from fossil fuels. However, when considering per capita electricity generation, Cameroon falls short of the global average of 425 watts per person, indicating a potential limitation in economic development and access to modern amenities due to lower electricity generation levels.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Cameroon can learn from other countries that have successfully expanded their clean energy portfolios. For instance, China and India have invested significantly in solar and wind energy, generating hundreds of TWh annually. While China's wind and solar generation stand at 886 TWh and 584 TWh respectively, India's wind and solar energy collectively contribute about 195 TWh. These countries, with their focus on scaling solar and wind capacities, demonstrate that substantial gains in low-carbon electricity are achievable. Additionally, leveraging nuclear energy, as seen in countries like the United States, France, and South Korea, can provide a consistent and robust electricity supply. Cameroon's strategy could involve expanding its solar and wind infrastructure and considering nuclear energy projects for a more sustainable and reliable electricity mix.


Cameroon’s history in low-carbon electricity generation shows a steady but modest growth primarily focused on hydropower. In the early 1980s, the country saw incremental increases in hydroelectricity, with notable additions in 1981, 1982, 1985, and 1988. The growth continued into the late 1990s, albeit with occasional small fluctuations such as the decrease in 2002 followed by rapid recovery thereafter. Particularly in the last two decades, hydropower saw significant hikes in some years, with 2004 and 2017 marking considerable jumps of 0.4 TWh and 0.7 TWh respectively. Although there were some declines, like in 2021, the overall trend confirms a gradual and consistent increase in low-carbon electricity generation from hydropower. By learning from past experiences and current global best practices, Cameroon can strategically enhance its low-carbon electricity framework.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2008 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2009 to 2013 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2014 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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