As for the year 2021, the electricity generation in Trinidad & Tobago was dominated overwhelmingly by fossil fuels, accounting for close to 100% of the total production. A closer look at the data reveals that gas, a type of fossil energy, makes up the lion's share with over 85%. There appears to be a near-total dependency on fossil-based energy sources, leading to a stark absence of low-carbon electricity generation in the country. In essence, clean and sustainable energy types play virtually no role in the nation's electricity generation mix.
At present, Trinidad & Tobago has a marked opportunity to increase their low-carbon electricity generation significantly and thereby lower their high carbon footprint. Learning from successful countries in this field could be beneficial. For instance, France and Slovakia have exploited nuclear energy to account for 66% and 61% of their electricity generation, respectively. Both Uruguay and Denmark have effectively capitalized on wind energy, contributing to 41% and 59% of their electricity generation accordingly. These examples illustrate diverse pathways to lower-carbon energy systems, including both nuclear and wind power generation as potential ways forward for Trinidad & Tobago, bearing in mind their national circumstances.
Looking at the historical data, Trinidad & Tobago's record in low-carbon electricity generation is almost non-existent. Throughout the '90s and extending into the 21st century, the generation of biofuels and solar energy has been a flat zero according to the data, indicating an unchanging status quo over the decades. There has been no substantial effort to invest in, or expand low-carbon energy sources such as solar or biofuels for electricity generation. This has resulted in no substantial increase in the production of low-carbon electricity over the past 30 years, a trend that underscores an urgent need for a strategic shift towards cleaner energy alternatives.