As it currently stands, St. Lucia's total electricity consumption rate remains drastically low compared to the global average of 410 watts per person. With a clear dominance of fossil-derived electricity, there is a significant opportunity for the country to pivot towards low-carbon energy sources. Compared to other regions, St. Lucia’s electricity generation is considerably lower, which may hinder the economic development and modernization processes in the country. A low level of electricity generation often results in frequent power outages, poor quality of supply, and limited access for the population, influencing negatively various aspects of daily life such as education, health care, and communication.
To effectively transition towards low-carbon electricity, St. Lucia can take insight from countries that have achieved success in this realm. Given the island's geographical and climatic conditions, a potential role model could be Brazil, which has effectively harnessed wind energy, generating 94 TWh annually from this clean source. Similarly, Spain's success with both wind and solar power, producing 61 TWh and 40 TWh respectively, could provide valuable lessons. Learning from these countries, St. Lucia can explore the potential of developing wind and solar infrastructure, which are both abundant resources on the island, and can significantly improve its sustainable energy generation capacity.
While it lacks precise historical data, it's evident that St. Lucia's journey with low-carbon electricity generation has been relatively uneventful up until now. The primary focus on fossil-derived electricity has long remained unchallenged. However, considering the global thrust towards sustainable energy and climate change mitigations, coupled with the country's massive potential for wind and solar energy, it's time for St. Lucia to take bold steps to shift towards low-carbon electricity. The push for nuclear energy could also be a viable option, considering the substantial benefits it has delivered in countries such as the United States and France. With a strong commitment to a cleaner and more sustainable energy system, St. Lucia will not only enhance the quality of life for its citizens but also contribute towards the larger global fight against climate change.