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Electricity in Kuwait in 2023

Global Ranking: #204
0.0% #204 Low-carbon electricity
2348.05 watts #4 Generation / person
558.74 gCO2eq/kWh #163 Carbon Intensity

As of the year 2023, Kuwait relies entirely on fossil energy for its electricity generation. Gas, a subset of fossil energy, accounts for over half of this consumption at 58.34%. This leaves a notable absence in the consumption of low-carbon electricity, such as nuclear or wind energy. As such, not only is Kuwait's energy sector entirely reliant on finite resources, but it is also contributing to the global issue of climate change and is highly susceptible to fluctuations in fossil fuel prices.


Kuwait can learn valuable lessons from countries which have successfully increased their low-carbon electricity generation. France, for instance, generates 66% of its electricity from nuclear power, Slovakia follows close behind at 61%, and others like Ukraine, Switzerland, Finland and Belgium have also demonstrated a strong commitment to nuclear energy. As Kuwait shares similarities with these countries in terms of economic status and size, the implementation of nuclear power could be an effective route towards low-carbon electricity. However, it is also worth noting how countries such as Denmark and Uruguay have harnessed wind energy effectively, generating 59% and 40% of their electricity from this source respectively. Adopting a diversified approach to clean energy, Kuwait can harness these low-carbon examples to great effect, allowing for a more sustainable, cost-efficient and environmentally-friendly energy profile.


Historically, Kuwait has failed to make notable strides towards low-carbon energy. Throughout the years between 2013 and 2022, the generation from both solar and wind energy has been practically non-existent. It was only in the year 2022 that a slight change occurred, with solar generation increasing to a relatively modest 0.2 TWh. Despite this, wind energy generation was still found to be at a standstill. During this period, no activity in nuclear energy generation was seen. This lack of movement towards low-carbon energy sources signifies a momentous challenge ahead for Kuwait if it truly wishes to transition away from its current reliance on fossil energy.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1984 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1985 to 1989 the data source is Energy Institute.
For the years 1990 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2022 the data source is Energy Institute.
For the year 2023 the data source is Ember.
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