As of 2022, Kuwait's electricity consumption is entirely dependent on fossil fuels, specifically gas. Impressively, the gulf state generates a full 100% of its electricity through these resources. Thus far, Kuwait has not ventured into low-carbon power production, and the use of clean energy sources like nuclear, wind, or solar energy for electricity generation is virtually nonexistent. Furthermore, it's worth mentioning that Kuwait's electricity market is self-contained; the nation neither imports nor exports electricity from or to other countries or regions.
Given its current state of absolute dependence on fossil fuels, Kuwait has ample opportunities to shift towards low-carbon energy sources to generate electricity. Based on the success stories of various countries globally, nuclear energy appears to be a highly viable clean energy source. For instance, France, Ukraine, and Slovakia leverage nuclear energy to generate more than half of their electricity. Denmark, on the other hand, generates more than half its electricity from wind energy. Given Kuwait's geographic and climatic conditions, an exploration into solar power similar to Chile and Yemen, where solar contributes to approximately 17% of their total electricity, could also be beneficial.
Looking back, Kuwait's history with low-carbon energy for electricity generation has been disappointingly stagnant. For the last decade, between 2013 and 2021, the records show zero contribution from wind or solar power in the country's electricity generation. This default to fossil fuels indicates a lack of initiative to explore and invest in cleaner, sustainable energy sources like nuclear, solar, or wind energy. It's clear that for Kuwait to become less dependent on fossil fuels and lessen its environmental impact, it needs to take decisive steps towards incorporating low-carbon energy sources into its electricity generation strategy.