LowCarbonPower logo
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)

Electricity in El Salvador in 2022

Global Ranking: #77
67.4% #45 Low-carbon electricity
149.70 watts #141 Generation / person
207.12 gCO2eq/kWh #44 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, El Salvador's low-carbon electricity generation surpassed its fossil-based production. The country generated over 5.5 TWh of low-carbon energy, split between hydropower, solar, and geothermal generation. Hydropower led the pack with 2.4 TWh, closely followed by geothermal at 1.6 TWh and solar at 1.1 TWh. Fossil fuel-based energy accounted for just over 2 TWh, the majority of this being gas. The country's per capita electricity consumption, therefore, is significantly below the global average of 410 watts per person, reflecting an overarching dependence on traditional energy sources. The sparse electricity generation may result in frequent power cut-offs, hampering crucial public services and impeding economic progress.

Suggestions

El Salvador could notably benefit from ramping up its low-carbon electricity generation, focusing on solar energy due to its substantial generation potential. Looking at other nations, one brilliant example is the People's Republic of China, which has successfully harnessed solar energy to generate more than 530 TWh. Another comparable model is Brazil, which has efficiently used wind power to generate 94 TWh. Since El Salvador already has a substantial basis of solar electricity, it makes perfect sense to expand this strategy, taking inspirations from these nations.

History

When considering historical patterns, El Salvador's dependence on hydropower has persistently oscillated since the late 20th century, with incidental fluctuations in generation. The 1980s saw minor upticks in hydroelectric production, but there were also moments of stagnation and even decline. After a dip around the turn of the century in 2000, the situation improved progressively in the subsequent years, with significant boosts in 2010 and 2020. Another step forward in El Salvador's green journey was the introduction of solar energy in 2020, marking a key shift towards diversifying its low-carbon electricity portfolio.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1975 to 1980 the data source is World Bank.
For the year 1981 the data source is EIA.
For the year 1982 the data source is World Bank.
For the year 1983 the data source is EIA.
For the year 1984 the data source is World Bank.
For the year 1985 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1986 to 1989 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the year 1990 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1991 to 1993 the data source is IEA.
For the years 1994 to 1995 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1996 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)