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Electricity in Montenegro in 2023

Global Ranking: #28
56.4% #62 Low-carbon electricity
662.52 watts #48 Generation / person
345.21 gCO2eq/kWh #77 Carbon Intensity

In Montenegro, a little over half of electricity production is attributed to low-carbon energy, with the most significant contributor being hydropower at nearly 48%. Even so, fossil energy, primarily from coal, forms a significant part of the energy mix, adding up to approximately 37% of the total. Wind energy is in use, but currently contributes only 8.5% to the energy mix. Imported energy figures are relatively low in the grand scheme, accounting for slightly above 6% of electricity demands.


To increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Montenegro can take cues from countries that have succeeded in boosting clean energy use. Given the success of nuclear energy in France, Slovakia, and Ukraine – where it accounts for 66%, 61%, and 58% of their electricity production respectively – Montenegro might consider exploring nuclear energy. Additionally, Denmark's high utilization of wind power (59% of their electricity production) may provide valuable insights for Montenegro to increase its wind energy capacity, from the current 8.5% to a higher percentage. Moreover, Montenegro could choose to expand its low-carbon electricity generation through a combination of nuclear and high yield wind power, similar to countries such as Denmark and France.


Looking at Montenegro's history of low-carbon electricity, there has certainly been a fluctuation in the production of hydropower over the years. The early years seemed to have a regular alternation between slight decreases and modest increases in electricity generation from hydro. Significant drops were recorded in 2007 and 2011, with a 0.5 and 1.5 TWh reduction respectively. However, these low points were followed by periods of recovery as seen in 2009, 2010, and 2013. Recently, in 2017, the country marked a turning point by harnessing wind energy to produce electricity. Although the change was only 0.1 TWh in its inaugural year, it increased to 0.2 TWh by 2019, indicative of the country's dedication toward diversifying its renewable sources of electricity generation.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Maximum Imports

Data Sources

For the years 2005 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2023 the data source is ENTSOE.
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