In 2022, Kenya has generated a significant amount of its electricity from low-carbon sources, with a total production of 11.05 TWh. Among these, geothermal energy represents more than half of the total, generating approximately 5.59 TWh. Hydropower follows closely at 3.34 TWh, with wind energy providing 1.68 TWh. Fossil fuel-based energy production is quite less compared to the low-carbon sources, at 1.26 TWh. Even though the total production of low-carbon electricity is commendable, it falls far behind the global average of 412 watts per person. This discrepancy can render significant setbacks to Kenya's development and bring about adverse effects on its economy. Lower levels of electricity generation can affect industries, hinder small and medium businesses, and also influence the overall quality of life for the population.
For Kenya to increase its low-carbon electricity production, it can consider expanding its existing wind energy production, a sector in which it has already shown considerable success. By analysing successful implementations of wind energy production in other countries, such as the People's Republic of China and the United States, which generate a staggering 947 TWh and 434 TWh respectively, Kenya can find insights and strategies for scaling up its wind energy sector. Countries like Brazil and India which generate considerable amounts of electricity from wind (93 TWh and 91 TWh respectively), despite being developing countries as Kenya, can also serve as inspiring examples for the growth and potential of wind energy.
Looking back at the history of low-carbon electricity in Kenya, it's evident that hydro energy has been the foundation of its clean energy production for decades. From the late 80s to the early 21st century, Kenyan hydroelectric production steadily increased its output, peaking at increases of 1.1 to 1.3 TWh during 2001 and 2010. However, it also witnessed some downturns, notably in 1999, 2000, and 2009. Geothermal electricity generation gained momentum in 2014 with an increase of 1.2 TWh, a trend that continued in the following year. The largest boost in this period would arrive in 2019, a landmark year not only for an increase in geothermal energy but also for the introduction of wind energy, contributing an additional 1.2 TWh to the clean energy pool. Despite a minor setback in hydroelectric capacity in 2022, Kenya's low-carbon electricity generation history reflects a promising journey towards a cleaner energy future.